Electrosensitivity 




Electromagnetic Warfare, Weapons, Weather Modification, Climate Change, Geo-Engineering and Earthquakes


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1. Electromagnetic Warfare

From the 1950s the military have used low-level electromagnetic radiation in electromagnetic warfare.


Overview: Electrosensitivity specific symptoms caused by electromagnetic warfare, 1953-1980s

A useful video overview shows how governments in the USSR and USA developed microwave war to cause specific Electrosensitivity symptoms. These were first used against the US embassy in Moscow from 1953 and then were the aim of the secret US Pandora Project of the 1970s. Later they were probably a feature of the USSR's Woodpecker Signal from July 4 1976. Electrosensitivity symptoms were recorded from electronic transmissions by people in Eugene, Oregon, in 1978, the women of Greenham Common, England, in the 1980s, and in most wars since the 1990s.


USSR Microwave Irradiation of US Embassy in Moscow, 1953-1976

From 1953 until 1976 the USSR beamed microwaves at the US embassy in Moscow at 1,000 to 240,000 microWatts/meter squared, using 2.45 to 4 GHz beams. The USA was unaware of this until 1959. In 1975 the USSR increased the power with two different transmitters. Embassy staff suffered typical specific Electrosensitivity symptoms and some developed cancers.


Czechoslovakian Research, 1960 on

A Department of High Frequency was established in 1960 at the Institute of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases in Prague,  Czechoslovakia. This Department was concerned solely with the problems of EM waves of the non-ionizing spectrum in relation to man being unfavorably affected.

  • "Typical symptoms are pains in the head and eyes, fatigue connected with overall weakness, dizziness, and vertigo when standing for a longer period. Sleep at night is restive and superficial, there is sleepiness during the day. Exposed individuals are subject to changing moods, they often become irritated to the point of becoming intolerable. Hypochondric reactions are manifested along with feelings of fear. Sometimes those affected feel nervous tension or, on the contrary, mental depression connected with inhibition of intellectual functions, mainly decreased memory."
    (Marha K: "Maximum admissible values of HF and UHF electromagnetic radiation at work places in Czechoslovakia" in: Cleary SF (ed.) “Biological Effects and Health Implications of Microwave Radiation” Symposium Richmond Virginia, 1969 , Bureau of Radiological Health, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare; 1970, BRH/DBE: 70-2: 188).


USA Project Pandora for Microwave Weapons, 1965-1970

After the USA discovered in 1959 that the USSR had been irradiating their embassy in Moscow, there was a move to investigate the use of microwaves as weapons. Studies showed that non-thermal microwave exposure produced typical specific Electrosensitivity symptoms which could disable victims.

  • In 1965 Koslov, of the USA's Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), admitted that the Soviets had hundreds of studies showing low-level radio frequency bio-effects. These effects were typical specific Electrosensitivity symptoms, such as "excessive fatigue, coordination loss, changes in blood pressure, in heart rate, biochemical changes in the blood, and some loss of sensory ability".
  • Analysis of the 'Moscow Signal' led to Project Pandora (1965-1970), the first US research programme into the offensive use of health and psychological effects of low-level microwave radiation. It was 70-80% funded by the military. Studies demonstrated how to induce heart seizures, create leaks in the blood brain barrier and produce auditory hallucinations.
  • Despite attempts to hide Project Pandora, memoranda of Richard Cesaro, director of DARPA, confirmed that the programme’s initial goal was to “discover whether a carefully controlled microwave signal could control the mind.”  Cesaro urged that these studies be made “for potential weapons applications” (Defense Intelligence Agency report).
  • Dr Milton Zaret informed the CIA about Soviet research:
    "For non-thermal irradiations, they believe that the electromagnetic field induced by the microwave environment affects the cell membrane, and this results in the increase of excitability or an increase in the level of excitation of nerve cells. With repeated or continued exposure, the increased excitability leads to a state of exhaustion of the cells of the cerebral cortex."
    (Anna Keeler: ”Remote Mind Control Technology”, in Jim Keith: Secret and Suppressed 1993: 27-41.)
  • Following public outcry, Congress forbade further research and demanded that these projects be terminated across the board. Victor Marchetti, a former CIA agent, however, later revealed that the programmes merely became more covert with a high element of 'deniability' built in to them.
    (David Guyatt: "Some aspects of anti-personnel electromagnetic weapons" Synopsis for the International Committee of the Red Cross Symposium: "The Medical Profession and the Effects of Weapons" February 1996)
  • In 1977 the US Navy held a secret conference on "undesirable electromagnetic effects".
  • Sharon Weinberger: "The Secret History of Diplomats and Invisible Weapons" (Daily Mail, August 25 2017; From Sharon Weinberger: "The Imagineers of War: The Untold Story of DARPA, the Pentagon Agency that Changed the World"; 


Eugene Signal, Oregon, 1978

The Eugene Signal caused specific EHS symptoms to people like Walter Deposkey. 150 documented complaints were made. The source was later said to be a US Navy wireless base at Dixon, California, but this was denied. It sent out a 4.75 MHz signal with 1,100 Hz pulses at 500,000 Watts. Even Clifford Schrock, an investigator who had worked for the CIA and NSA, admitted to headaches. 


  • The Eugene Register-Guard: "Mystery Signal Discovered in Eugene Area", March 26 1978.
  • The Oregon Journal: "Mystery Radio Signal Causing Concern in Oregon", March 28 1978. 
  • The Eugene Register-Guard: "FCC Backs Off from Naming Signal Source", March 29 1978.
  • W.H. Bowart and Richard Sutton: "The Invisible Third World War" (September 27 1990​)



US Marine Corps: Non-lethal Electromagnetic Weapons Project, 1980-1983

From 1980-1983 Eldon Byrd, of the Naval Surface Weapons Office, ran the Marine Corps: Non-lethal Electromagnetic Weapons Project, mainly at at the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute in Bethesda, Md. He was commissioned to develop electromagnetic devices for purposes including 'riot control', clandestine operations and hostage removal. Many of his experiments produced typical specific Electrosensitivity symptoms.

  • "We were looking at electrical activity in the brain and how to influence it," Byrd said. He conducted experiments on animals - and even on himself - to see if brain waves would move into sync with waves impinging on them from the outside. He found that they would, but the effect was short lived. 
  • By using very low frequency EMR Byrd found he could induce the brain to release behavior-regulating chemicals. "We could put animals into a stupor" by hitting them with these frequencies. "We got chick brains - in vitro - to dump 80% of the natural opioids in their brains."
  • On the controversy about reproductive hazards to Video Display Terminal (VDT) operators, Byrd wrote of alterations in brain function of animals exposed to low intensity fields. Offspring of exposed animals "exhibited a drastic degradation of intelligence later in life... couldn't learn easy tasks... indicating a very definite and irreversible damage to the central nervous system of the fetus." Where VDT operators were exposed to weak fields, there were clusters of miscarriages and birth defects, with evidence of central nervous system damage to the fetus.
  • Byrd also wrote of experiments where behavior of animals was controlled by exposure to weak electromagnetic fields. "At a certain frequency and power intensity, they could make the animal purr, lay down and roll over."
  • Byrd ran a project using magnetic fields to cause certain brain cells in rats to release histamine. In humans, this would cause instant 'flu-like symptoms and produce nausea. "These fields were extremely weak. They were undetectable. The effects were non-lethal and reversible. You could disable a person temporarily. It would have been like a stun gun." 
  • Byrd says he was told his work would be unclassified, "unless it works." Because it worked, he suspects that the program "went black." Other scientists tell similar tales of research on EMR turning top secret once successful results were achieved. (Eldon Byrd: Mankind Research Unlimited)
     

US Irradiation of Women at Greenham Common, England, 1984

In the fall of 1984 women protesters at the USAF airbase at Greenham Common in England were subjected to beams of non-thermal microwave irradiation, after they started to be more active following the arrival of Cruise missiles in March 1984. They suffered typical specific Electrosensitivity symptoms, which were documented at the time.

  • These women suffered unusual patterns of illness which ranged from “severe headaches, drowsiness, menstrual bleeding at abnormal times or post-menopausal, to bouts of temporary paralysis, faulty speech coordination and in one case apparent circulatory failure requiring hospitalization”
    (Rosalie Bertell, commissioner for International Commission of Health Professionals for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland; Anna Keeler: “Remote Mind Control Technology”, in Jim Keith: "Secret and Suppressed": 38-39)
  • Other documented symptoms included:
    “vertigo, retinal bleeding, burnt face (even at night), nausea, sleep disturbances and palpitations … lack of concentration, disorientation, loss of memory, irritability and a sense of panic in non-panic situations.”
    (Kim Bealy: “Electromagnetic Pollution: A Little Known Health Hazard, A New Means of Control?” Preliminary Report, Greenham Common Women’s Peace Camp)


"Doctors are compiling a report on the condition of a number of Greenham Common peace women who have had symptoms which are consistent with the known neurophysiological effects of electromagnetic waves, or low level radiation. These symptoms range from headache and dizziness to difficulties of concentration or memory. Fears of electronic "zapping" have led peace women at the camp to keep a record of ill-effects reported by their groups over the past year. 
Claims that this has revealed a pattern of illness will be presented by the peacewomen at a media briefing in London today. They will report that at least 40 women present at different points around the nine-mile perimeter of the American cruise missile base have experienced similar symptoms, at the same times. Dr. Stephen Farrow, chairman of the Medical Campaign Against Nuclear weapons said yesterday: "We are now compiling evidence about the claims made by the women. There is obviously a great deal of interest in what they say; it seem feasible,

The Greenham women claim that meter tests outside camp, taken at times when women have experienced the symptoms, have shown a marked increase in background microwave signal levels. they also say the symptoms are more pronounced when cruise missile convoys leave the camp."


"Women peace campers at Greenham Common, England, claim that they are being attacked by the US electronic weapons from within the US airbase there. They believe that some form of electromagnetic wave or other signal is being directed at them and is responsible for a number of illnesses they have suffered over the past year. Symptoms range from mild headaches and drowsiness to bouts of temporary paralysis and, in one case, an apparent circulatory failure which required emergency treatment. Women have also complained of sharp pains and problems with speech coordination. A team of doctors from the Medical Campaign Against nuclear Weapons are compiling a report on the condition of the women affected.
The women first noticed a pattern of illnesses emerging in 1984. They discounted food or water poisoning as a cause and started to suspect interference from inside the base. They found that women at different points around the camp appeared to have experienced similar symptoms at the same time, even when they were not in contact with one another.

They believe there is a deliberate intent to make life difficult for them and so drive them away. Some of the worst affected women now find it impossible to stay around Greenham for more than a short period of time.
Electronic weapons are know to have been used by security forces on a number of occasions. The Americans are reported to have used ultrasound to disorient and demoralize their enemies during the Vietnam war and a number of American police forces are believed to have carried out trials with infra-sound generators mounted on the back of trucks. The high intensity, low frequency pressure waves these produce are said to cause vomiting, nausea and a range of other disturbances and to induce fits in those who are subject to them. American medical groups have protested against the proposed use of these weapons for urban riot control.
Microwave radiation is also believed to have been used as a weapon at various times. The most celebrated instance was the irradiation of the US Embassy in Moscow during the 1950s, '60s and '70s.

The women at Greenham Common suspect that more than one type of frequency of radiation is being used against them. They say that the symptoms vary from time to time and seem to reflect what takes place on the base. Large numbers of women have complained of sudden feelings of extreme tiredness shortly before major events, such as the departure of a cruise missile convoy and on other occasions when their activities might have proved particularly awkward for the forces using the base.
We have conducted a number of tests around the base in cooperation with journalists from other organizations. Readings taken with a wide range signal strength meter showed marked increases in the background signal level near one of the womens' camps at a time when they claimed to be experiencing ill effects.
On another occasion, previously low signal levels near the camp rose sharply when the women created a disturbance just outside the perimeter fence of the base.

The signal levels measured were well above normal background levels but still within official safety limits. however, there is evidence from a number of sources that low levels of electromagnetic radiation can have harmful effects especially where exposure takes place over a long period of time."


US Embassy, Havana, Cuba, 2017

Likely microwave weapon attacks:

In 2017 there were reports of illness at the US embassy at Havana, Cuba, caused by electromagnetic radiation or microwave guns or sound waves. Some 24 embassy staff suffered hearing loss, dizziness and nausea and had to be withdrawn. Canadians were also involved. Specific people in specific parts of specific rooms were targeted.


Some psychologists proposed mass hysteria, but physical changes were found in the ears and brains of those diplomats involved.

Another proposal has been a chemical attack.

Another proposal has been a sonic attack.

Since ultrasound used in the brain for therapeutic purposes never causes white matter tract problems, it is now regarded as likely caused by microwave attacks.

For fMRI brain scans showing damage caused by microwaves, see:


Microwave Sonic Weapons:

The effects of microwaves producing sound pressures in the brain, known as the microwave auditory effect of the Frey effect, were discovered by Allan Frey in 1962 and have been developed extensively in US and USSR research since then. This included the US MEDUSA project (Mob Excess Deterrent Using Silent Audio). 

Dr Lev Sadovnik, of the Sierra Nevada Corporation, noted that there are health risks, especially brain damage from the high-intensity shockwave created by the microwave pulse. Dr James Lin in 2008 said of a microwave sonic weapon: "“I would worry about what other health effects it is having. You might see neural damage.”

Sonic weapons have been sold by the US to China:


New items:


US Consulate, Guangzhou, China, 2018

The US State Department stated in an email to citizens in China: "A US government employee in China recently reported subtle and vague, but abnormal, sensations of sound and pressure." The employee  reported experiencing "abnormal sensations of sounds and pressure".


As with the Cuba incident, this is likely microwave sonic effects, long used in electronic warfare, rather than purely sonic effects, which have not shown white matter trauma. See above under Cuba 2017 for fMRI brain scans showing brain damage from microwaves and US scientists noting the brain damage.


"James Lin, an engineering professor at the University of Illinois in Chicago, thought that the effects might have come from microwaves. He produced a “sonic” signal from microwaves in the lab and found that at the threshold level for perception the microwave pulses caused a pressure inside the head interpreted as sound. “If you increase it to super threshold level I have no doubt it could produce serious damage,” he said. “I think that’s the most likely scenario.” The use of microwaves as a potential weapon has a precedent in the Cold War, when American officials discovered that the US embassy in Moscow was being bombarded with them."

     Boer Deng: "Mystery noises and illnesses evoke terrors of Cold War" (Times of London, June 15 2018)



US Diplomats, Beijing and Shanghai, 2018

Two diplomats from the US embassy in Beijing and one from the US consulate in Shanghai complained of symptoms in July 2018 similar to those of dizziness, tinnitus and nausea in the earlier microwave attacks in Guangzhou and Cuba.


US Diplomats in Four Countries, 2018

The Associated Press reported that 26 Americans have been “medically confirmed” to have been injured in the wave of incidents, and diplomats who have served in at least seven cities in four countries have sought testing.



Recent Developments in Microwave Warfare


Recent Wars

Most armies now deploy electronic warfare units which aim to create specific Electrosensitivity symptoms in the enemy to confuse, disorientate or debilitate them.

  • During recent wars in places like Iraq some troops have been withdrawn when they have begun to suffer from symptoms of Electrosensitivity. Before the main engagements with explosives, electronic radiation was used to disorientate enemy personnel by creating typical specific Electrosensitivity symptoms in them.


Geo-magnetic Warfare, Geo-Terrorism and 'Technetronic' Warfare

The combination of Technology and Electronics ('Technetronics' as described in 1968 by Brzezinski, National Security Adviser to President Jimmy Carter, 1977-81) allows malevolent governments increasingly to control covertly both geo-magnetic events, like global warming and earthquakes, and also increasingly to control human psychological and cognitive processes.

Thus the political emphasis on carbon-caused global warming can be seen in part as an attempt to hide covert geo-magnetic interference itself causing global warming along with unusual weather-related events. Such geo-magnetic events can apparently be manipulated to exert pressure on governments reluctant to accept a super-power's political hegemony. 


Shielding and Protection

People with Electrosensitivity often use protective silvered netting, manufactured originally for military use, to shield themselves from the radiation from cellphones, WiFi and towers. Much of industry, as well as the military and individuals, now wish to shield themselves from electromagnetic attack.


2. Electromagnetic Weapons


Indiscriminate Pulse and Microwave weapons

Some governments deploy electromagnetic devices both against enemy forces and against parts of their own civilian population. These tend to be indiscriminate, harming all people and animals within range. They can often produce typical specific Electrosensitivity symptoms.

  • Very powerful devices, like 'High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse' (HEMP),  aim to disable all electronic equipment and installations over a wide area.
  • Smaller-scale 'microwave energy weapons' (HPM) can cause painful burning sensations or other injuries to someone in the path of the beam, or can even be fatal. They would likely impact hospital equipment and implanted cardiac pace-makers, rendering such weapons as subversive to human rights under several categories. 
    (Clay Wilson: "High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) and High Power Microwave (HPM) Devices: Threat Assessments" Congressional Research Service (CRS) Report for Congress, July 21 2008)
  • Indiscriminate mass attack weapons, like Ray Guns, use pulsed radiation causing unbearable pain. (Michael Hanlon: "Run away the ray-gun is coming : We test US army's new secret weapon" Daily Mail, September 18 2007)
  • Covert pulsed radiation from towers and mobile units has been used by some governments to 'control' selected sections of their civilian population, especially through disablement and disorientation, or, in the longer term, through neurological illnesses and cancers.
  • The use of electromagnetic radiation from WiFi and cellphones in public areas such as hospitals, schools and other public areas acts in the same way as indiscriminate electromagnetic weaponry against people who are highly sensitive to electromagnetic radiation.


Laser Weapons System (LaWS)

The US Navy is planning to deploy high-energy Laser weapons. This is also known as directed energy. It can be used both defensively against missile strikes and offensively.


Individually Targeted Electromagnetic Weapons

  • Individual electric assault weapons or conducted electric weapons, like Taser, use wired barbs or electrodes to electrify the person targeted and create severe muscular reactions.
  • Some countries regard stun guns or tasers as instruments of torture prohibited by the United Nations Committee against Torture. 
    ("U.N.: Tasers Are A Form Of Torture" CBS News, November 25 2007)
  • Portable microwave devices like cellphones or tablets can act like electromagnetic weapons against an individual person highly sensitive to them, producing the typical Electrosensitivity symptoms which the World Health Organization states can be disabling.
    There is increasing evidence that agencies and networks, allegedly linked to some governments, are illegally using microwave weapons against targeted individuals for political or business reasons.
  • "High Energy Physicist, Dr. Katherine Horton, Tells of her Debilitating Attacks From Govt Weapons" (2017, 70 mins)


Proposed Mind Control or Interference: Lilly waves and Psychotronic Warfare


  • John C. Lilly (1915-2001) developed a balanced bi-phasic electric pulse pair, the 'Lilly Wave', to push ions in the neuron in first one direction and then the other, thus stimulating the neuron. Previous wave forms used in neurophysiology and neurosurgery injured the neurons when unidirectional current passed through the brain. This stimulates the neurons of the brain to resonate at a certain frequency. Thus the Lilly wave has the ability to control the brainwave patterns of the brain.
     - Lilly JC et al.: "Brief, noninjurious electric waveform for stimulation of the brain" (Science, 1955)
  • Similar effects are used in transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), with electrodes attached to the skull. It can produce retinal phosphenes. Direct current applications (tDCS) have become common and present challenges (Wexler A, 2016). These systems, and EEG, can now be controlled by commercial devices using wireless links (e.g. Neuroelectrics). Many people, of course, are sensitive to low-level electromagnetic exposure and can experience similar adverse effects from environmental ambient radiation (Eger H et al, 2010).
  • It has been claimed that the Lilly Wave can also make the brain's water molecules resonate at a desired frequency thus causing the electrons that form the brain's electrical voltages to also resonate at the same frequency, using electromagnetic and acoustic waves. The Lilly Wave can also entrain blood sugar and iron within neurons' cellular structure when the molecule is targeted by a wave resonating at the same frequency as that molecule, leading to the molecule's explosion.  For sugar molecules and crystals this triboluminescence releases an electric and electromagnetic charge, creating extreme confusion, dizziness, and lack of awareness or apathy. 
    The Lilly Wave frequency has allegedly been used as a military application, known as the “madness” frequency. The Los Angeles Riots are said to have been the first open test of its capacity to mass control anger and violent response from the mob.
    The Lilly Wave can also entrain the brain and blood's iron molecules, causing the iron to condense together via resonant attraction and clump within the brain, causing the iron to be magnetised and rush to the top of your head. This results in a rush of blood to the head and extreme confusion and dizziness. It can also be reversed, causing a draining of blood from the head, leading to unconsciousness.

                                      - "The Lilly Wave And Psychotronic Warfare" (The Bridge)


3. Weather Modification, Climate Change, Geo-Engineering and Earthquakes


Hostile and military weather modification with severe effects is banned under the United Nations Convention of 1976.  



Some states or groups, however, have considered or experimented with weather modification, climate change, geo-engineering, earthquakes and tectonic weapons, and putting satellites with offensive capabilities into orbit. HAARP, financed by the US Air Force and Navy, began in 1993 and was closed in 2014. It had a 3.6 megaWatt transmitter, with an effective radiated power of up to 5.1 gigaWatts or 97.1 dBW.




European Parliament

In 1999 the European Parliament issued a statement on Legal aspects of military activities, which included the following:
"26. Calls on the European Union to seek to have the new 'non-lethal' weapons technology and the development of new arms strategies also covered and regulated by international conventions;
27. Considers HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Project) by virtue of its far-reaching impact on the environment to be a global concern and calls for its legal, ecological and ethical implications to be examined by an international independent body before any further research and testing; regrets the repeated refusal of the United States Administration to send anyone in person to give evidence to the public hearing or any subsequent meeting held by its competent committee into the environmental and public risks connected with the high Frequency Active Auroral Research Project (HAARP) programme currently being funded in Alaska;
28. Requests the Scientific and Technological Options Assessment (STOA) Panel to agree to examine the scientific and technical evidence provided in all existing research findings on HAARP to assess the exact nature and degree of risk that HAARP poses both to the local and global environment and to public health generally;
29. Calls on the Commission, in collaboration with the governments of Sweden, Finland, Norway and the Russian Federation, to examine the environmental and public health implications of the HAARP programme for Arctic Europe and to report back to Parliament with its findings;
30. Calls in particular for an international convention for a global ban on all research and development, whether military or civilian, which seeks to apply knowledge of the chemical, electrical, sound vibration or other functioning of the human brain to the development of weapons which might enable any form of manipulation of human beings, including a ban on any actual or possible deployment of such systems;"

"'Non-lethal' weapons(9)

So-called 'non-lethal' weapons are not a new type of weapon but have existed for many years in such forms as water cannons, rubber bullets and tear gas. However, at the present time, more and more advanced weapon techniques have been developed which are labelled non-lethal despite the fact that they can cause extensive damage and even result in invalidity or death.
Both material and antipersonnel technologies have been developed. One example is acoustic weapons which are capable of confusing and disorientating and thereby neutralising an enemy by producing a low level of sound, known as infra-sound. Other examples are adhesive foam and blinding lasers. Chemicals which discolour water can affect both agriculture and the population. With the aid of electromagnetic beams it is possible to knock out the enemy's computer, navigation and communication systems. Non-lethal weapons can also be used against a country's infrastructure and authorities, bring the railway system to a standstill or cause chaos in a country's financial world. What these weapons have in common is that they are intended to delay, obstruct and overcome a potential enemy at 'strategic level'.(10)
The fact that these different types of weapon are all categorised as non-lethal is seriously misleading and deluding. The term 'non-lethal' is intended to portray these weapons as more humane than conventional weapons - but there are no humane weapons. The use of any type of weapon involves a risk of injury or death, which is of course the purpose of weapons. 'Non-lethal' weapons tend to be used at an early stage of a conflict and may actually serve as a catalyst for the conflict. The use of violence by soldiers and police may increase because the weapons appear to be less dangerous. The inherent risk is that these weapons reduce the threshold for the use of violence to settle conflicts.
The aim is to neutralise the enemy without sustained suffering and without fatalities. But how and against whom 'non-lethal' weapons are used is an important consideration in terms of the implications of these weapons. A weapon that can render a soldier harmless, may injure or even kill a child or an elderly person. The distance from which they are fired and in what quantity are other factors with a bearing on the effects of the weapon. By way of comparison, conventional weapons result in 'only' 25% mortality.(11)
Non-lethal weapons are used as an effective aid in modern warfare, either independently or in conjunction with conventional weapons. For example, the USA used radio frequent weapons in the Gulf War to knock out Iraq's energy system(12), despite not knowing the antipersonnel effects of RF weapons. Non-lethal weapons should, therefore, not be regarded as separate from a lethal system but rather as a component thereof. The development of non-lethal weapons increases both their options. The result is therefore greater use of force rather than the opposite. 'Non-lethal' weapons do not result in non-lethal conflicts."

              (European Parliament: "On the environment, security and foreign policy" (January 14 1999: PE 227.710/fin.   A4-0005/99)


Written Question: by Proinsias De Rossa (PSE) to the Commission
Subject: Weapons for manipulating human beings
"In January 1999, the European Parliament adopted a resolution on the environment, security and foreign policy (A4-0005/99)(1) which called, in paragraph 27, for an ‘international convention introducing a global ban on all developments and deployments of weapons which might enable any form of manipulation of human beings’. Could the Commission outline what action has been taken by the EU on this issue since this call was made?"

               (European Parliament: Parliamentary questions: E-1287/08; March 6 2008):


Further information