Viewpoints on Electrosensitivity

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Pro-industry regulators and media

Pro-industry and government regulators who support high levels of wireless and other electromagnetic exposure have been criticised for producing reports with scientific bias and even 'fraud'. Many such reports have consistently omitted or rejected positive evidence of adverse effects, sometimes even omitting the WHO/IARC classifications of 2B cancer agents and the recommendations by leading scientists that these should be upgraded to Class 1 Certain.

In the US it has been alleged that "Julius Genachowski donated $3,494,919 to DNC [Democratic National Committee] and served as Chairman of the FCC [Federal Communications Commission] from 2009 to 2013" (Tyler Durden: "This Is How Much It 'Costs' To Get An Ambassadorship: Guccifer 2.0 Leaks DNC 'Pay-To-Play' Donor List" Zero Hedge, September 14 2016)

The wireless and cellphone industry is well aware of the potentially devastating costs of damage litigation when harm is eventually proved from low-level electromagnetic energy sufficient to convince all courts world-wide. At present the industry seems more concerned about short-term profits than the long-term safety of its products and tries to prevent the public becoming aware of the growing amount of evidence proving harm.

Canada: Safety Code 6 RSC review (2013)

Criticism of the Royal Society of Canada's review of Safety Code 6:

Submissions to the RSC included:

Health Canada's failure:

Europe: SCENIHR Opinion (draft 2014; published March 6th 2015)

Criticism of the draft Opinion of 2014 by the European Commission's SCENIHR (Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks). This included the failure to include studies showing the need for a Class 1 Certain cancer classification for radio frequency, and comments on the role of one the committee members.

Finland: STUK (2015)

  • Finland’s Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK: Säteilyturvakeskus, a governmental organization responsible for assuring radiation safety in Finland) "is hiding important radiation exposure information from the general public, the Government and the Parliament."
  • "This is another untruthful statement from STUK experts (“It should be also remembered there is still no scientific evidence of harmful effects of cell phones.”), where they dismiss evidence, some of which came from STUK scientists, and which IARC considered as sufficiently compelling to classify cell phone radiation as a possible human carcinogen. It is possible to claim that there is no conclusive evidence, but the claim that there is no evidence is a simply a lie."
    (Dariusz Leszcynski: "STUK in Finland: How trustworthy is information on smart phones and… nuclear power plants…" BRHP, August 10 2015)

France: "Phonegate" scandal

There has been sustained criticism of the way cellphones are apparently not assessed as required, or accurate results are not made available. It is alleged that ANFES, the French National Frequencies Agency, has not released essential information. It has not published its test reports for 2012-17

Germany: ICNIRP (1998 on)

Criticism of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)'s heating limits:

In 2010 ICNIRP accepted electrosensitivity symptoms from non-thermal exposure, but it has not yet recommended non-thermal safety limits to protect people against this ill health. 

 UK: PHE(HPA) AGNIR Report (2012)

Criticism of the Advisory Group on Non-Ionizing Radiation (AGNIR)'s report of 2012:

The 2012 AGNIR Report has been analysed in detail and shown to be a fringe minority viewpoint where its conclusions of no harm are not supported by the evidence which clearly and convincingly shows harm.

  • “The executive summary misleadingly implied that because not all studies reported the same effects, RF signals have no effect ...
  • Decisions about involuntary, continuous and widespread RF exposures in schools, hospitals, workplaces and public and private spaces in the UK and around the world have been made based upon inaccurate conclusions of the AGNIR report …
  • The denial of the existence of adverse effects of RF fields below ICNIRP guidelines in the AGNIR report conclusions is not supported by the scientific evidence …
  • The involvement of ICNIRP scientists in the misleading report calls into question the basis and validity of the international exposure guidelines …
  • The anticipated WHO Environmental Health Criteria Monograph on Radiofrequency Fields, due in 2017, is being prepared by a core group and additional experts, with 50% of those named, being, or having been, members of AGNIR or ICNIRP …
  • Schools, hospitals, employers, organisations and individuals have legal responsibilities to safeguard the health, safety, well-being and development of children, employees and members of the public. But they are unable to fulfil their legal responsibilities when they have been provided with inaccurate information and the evidence of possible harm has been covered up …
  • This has been a safeguarding failure and the health of some children or adults may have been damaged as a result …
  • All children in schools and care environments need protection from the potential harmful effects of RF exposures and not, as is now often the case, a compulsory use of wireless devices in the classroom …
  • Unfortunately, the report suffered from an incorrect and misleading executive summary and overall conclusions, inaccurate statements, omissions and conflict of interest. Public health and the well-being of other species in the natural world cannot be protected when evidence of harm, no matter how inconvenient, is covered up.”

Starkey SJ (2016) “Inaccurate official assessment of radiofrequency safety by the Advisory Group on Non-ionising Radiation”Rev Environ Health.

The consequences of the inaccuracy of the AGNIR 2012 RF Report include the need to revise all advice given since 2012 based on the false conclusions of this Report. In the UK this Report was accepted by Public Health England, the agency of the Department of Health which gives advise on radiation harm. Since PHE has thus given the general public inaccurate information, it means that PHE will have to revisit the acceptable levels of involuntary radiation exposure permitted in schools, hospitals, workplaces, public and private spaces, etc. Other countries which have also used this AGNIR Report to support their heating-only limits will also now need to reject the AGNIR conclusions and revise the evidence based on the actual science and not on pro-industry 'inaccuracies'.

General criticism of Public Health England:

Public Health England's acceptance of individual Radiosensitivity since 1999. based on defective DNA repair:

    (a) Public Health England accepts that some people have individual genetic radiosensitivity.

Public Health England also accepts that the fact that some people have individual genetic radiosensitivity raises ethical dilemmas if society allows levels of radiation dangerous to these specific groups and individuals. 

Although these comments were written in relation to radiosensitivity from ionizing radiation,  expert doctors nowadays accept that there are extensive overlaps between the ways ionizing and non-ionizing radiation affect the human body. Often the physical effects based on objective markers, such as DNA changes, cannot be differentiated between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. The dilemma recognized by PHE (HPA) and its AGIR over individual radiosensitivity and its ethical implications are relevant to radiosensistivity at low levels at other frequencies in the radio spectrum.

  • "We are moving gradually to a situation where it will be possible to identify groups and sometimes individuals at greater than average risk from radiation exposure. Consideration as to how such groups and individuals might be protected raises new and important ethical questions, particularly in the occupational context. In the absence of routing individual testing it makes sense to focus on providing information to people about such risks and anything that can be done to reduce them."
  • "Work should continue in order to develop a better understanding of heterogeneity in cellular and molecular responses to radiation and their relevance to radiation-induced cancer."
  • "There is a need for further work to be carried out to examine the interaction of inflammatory responses and responses to irradiation."

                                                                                                                         (AGIR: "Human Radiosensitivity" (HPA/PHE, 2013, pages 150-151)

    (b) Public Health England accepts that individual genetic radio-hypersensitivity to cancers probably involves defective DNA repair: 

  • "There is a large body of information that provides evidence of the existence of genetic subgroups with increased radiosensitivity, but there are few quantitative datasets on which to estimate the true prevalence of such individuals or the degree to which their risk of radiation-induced cancers is enhanced."
  • "These include individuals with certain cancer-prone syndromes and individuals with no known syndrome whose cells have been found to be remarkably radiosensitive. In both cases, there is usually an association with defective DNA repair."
  • "Current knowledge of the role of DNA damage in carcinogenesis suggests that many of these individuals will also be hypersensitive to the induction of radiation-related cancer. Such individuals are, however, extremely rare in the population."

                                        (AGIR: "Genetic Heterogeneity in the Population and its Implications for Radiation Risk" (NRPB, 1999, p.36, 37)

NRPB (PHE, HPA): evidence of non-thermal effects in 2004:

  • "There is some evidence suggesting field dependent effects on reaction time and reduced accuracy in performance of some cognitive tasks, which is supported by the results of studies on the EEG."
  • "There is convincing evidence that power frequency electric fields can be detected by animals, most likely as the result of surface charge effects."
  • "There is some evidence that exposure to magnetic fields may modulate the functions of the opioid and cholinergic systems, and this is supported by the results of studies investigating effects on anelgesia and on the acquisition and performance of spatial memory tasks." 
  • "Various claims have been made over many years suggesting that RF EMFs from a variety of military and civilian sources may cause adverse changes in an assortment of behavioural and neurological functions. These include lack of concentration, poor memory, changes in sleep pattern, as well as loss of appetite and reduced libido. Together these symptoms have sometimes been called the neurasthenic or microwave sickness syndrome. More recently exposure to mobile phones has been suggested to cause similar effects."
  • "Specific concerns have been expressed about possible adverse effects on memory, attention or other cognitive functions."
  • ​"A wide range of subjective symptoms has been attributed to exposure to various sources of RF EMFs both at home and at work. Some users of mobile phones report they suffer a variety of subjective complaints, including headaches and migraines, fatigue, skin itches, and sensations of warmth ....   Less commonly reported symptoms include dizziness, blurred vision, memory loss, confusion and vagueness, toothaches and nausea."

                          (NRPB: "Review of the Scientific Evidence for Limiting Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields (0-300 GHz)" (2004, p.64, 98) 

Government, PHE, HPA, NRPB and industry collusion

  • "The centre of the organised fraudulent defence of industry is at King’s College London. There professor Simon Wessely (see Appendix Twelve) and a team of clinical psychological researchers spend their time proving that people who think they have been damaged by environmental factors are suffering from ‘false illness beliefs.’ It was to King’s College University that the British Academy sent Ben Goldacre; to finishing school as it were. It is probably not surprising, therefore, that Goldacre, if he didn’t before, now embraces all the classic nons(ci)ence views of the quackbusters.
  • "One of these is that Electromagnetic Fields (EMF), the kind that come from mobile phone relay masts, for instance, are incapable of causing harm to humans. There are no long-term studies to attest to this negative, blind and irrational assertion. The Lobby is deeply involved in research projects to prove that those who claim to be affected by electromagnetic fields have a mistaken perception of their illnesses. According to Mark Anslow in The Ecologist [Mark Anslow: "The Gathering Brainstorm" The Ecologist, December 2007],  the researchers who conducted the latest of these studies failed to disguise their obvious methodological blunders. Nevertheless the study carried out at Essex University was given a high-profile launch at the Science Media Centre, the public organisation of New Labour / industry science spin."
  • "The Science Media Centre, announcing the Essex study results, took their policy on media censorship to its ultimate conclusion, and banned ‘representatives of pressure groups and non-mainstream media from the research launch’."
  • "Wessely has a long history of suggesting that most illnesses are imagined by their sufferers – let’s face it, apart from taking the blame off industry, this model of illness is of very low cost to the NHS. A founder member of HealthWatch and more recently on the advisory panel of the American Council of Science and Health, Wessely has in the past claimed a psychiatric aetiology to allergy and food intolerance, the Camelford toxic chemical disaster, Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME/CFS) and Gulf War Syndrome."
  • "The Essex study and those conducted by Simon Wessely at King’s College were brought up in the quackbuster created row that followed the excellent Panorama programme, WI-FI A warning signal. The BBC programme was shown in May 2007 and its clear aim was to give voice to the arguments - censured from the British media, mainly by The Lobby - that there was a possible health risk associated with Wi-fi, and perhaps the wisdom of introducing it into schools to help run computers used in some class rooms, should be questioned." (pp.62-65)

                          Martin J Walker: "Cultural Dwarfs and Junk Journalism: Ben Goldacre, Quackbusting and Corporate Science" (Slingshot,   ​
    ​                            ISBN 13 978-0-9519646-9-9, 2008)

UK: IET report (2012)

Criticism of the Institution of Engineering and Technology's report of 2012:


Criticism of the obsolete thermal limits still used by the US FCC, ICES and IEEE and of apparent Conflicts of Interest:

Testimony to the FCC on disabling health effects of wireless radiation at levels above biological safety limits, as still used by the FCC, ICNIRP etc.:

FFC failure to follow majority science on wireless harm

FCC Broadband Development Advisory Committee mainly from wireless industry

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), NCRP

In 2014, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) posted “We recommend caution in cellphone use,” on their website
Within weeks of posting their cell phone caution online, the passage was removed, along with a section that addressed potential risks of cell phone use for children. More than 500 pages of internal records suggest controversy at the agency over how to address cell phone risks, including disagreements about such risks among its scientists.


  • "Just as long term research into the health impacts of the 'electrosmog' created by wifi and mobile phones is yielding its first results, it's at risk of sudden termination from President Trump's budget cuts. But the cuts have little to do with saving money - and a lot to do with protecting corporate profit and economic growth from harsh truths, including evidence that electrosmog causes cancer in laboratory rats, and maybe humans too.

    The Department for Health and Human Services (DHHS) funds the USA's leading public health institutes. As part of Trump's attempt to nullify environmental opposition in the USA, a long-standing objective of the political-right, the DHHS' budget is being cut by 18%, or about $15.1 billion. That will have wide-ranging effects on its dependent research agencies. The National Toxicology Programme, maintained by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is one such example. At present cuts to the NIH, which has seen increases in its funding over recent years, are believed to be around 20% of its budget, roughly $5.8 billion."
    (Paul Mobbs: "Cellphones, wifi and cancer: Will Trump's budget cuts zap vital ‘electrosmog' research?" Ecologist, March 27 2017)

California Department of Public Health: 2008-2017

Sacramento County Superior Court Judge Shelleyanne Chang ordered the state of California in March 2017 to turn over the final version of the "Cell Phones and Health" guidelines from 2014. In May 2017 the judge forced California health officials to turn over all the previous versions of the guidelines it had kept secret. Joel Moskowitz, a public health researcher at UC Berkeley who sued the state to force the release of the records, said state officials should never have withheld the warnings from the public. “It would have to be purely political to deny distributing this,” Moskowitz said. “Science supports this.”

  • "Newly released public records show that California public health officials worked for five years on a set of guidelines to warn the public about the potential dangers of cell phones, revising their work 27 times with updated research before abandoning the efforts without ever making their concerns public until ordered by a judge. The 27 versions of the guidelines, obtained by The Chronicle, show that California health officials deleted a section that warned state employees with work-issued cell phones about the potential increased risk for brain cancer from use of the devices over time. The final version of the guidelines was a broad warning to the public about exposure to electromagnetic fields emitted by cell phones. It included a list of best practices to minimize exposure."
               Melody Gutierrez: "New records show how state reworked secret cell phone warnings" (San Francisco Chronicle, May 19 2017)
               California Department of Public Health:  "Cell Phones and Health" (Division of Environmental and Occupational Disease Control, April 2014)
               "Cell Phone Safety Guidance from the California Public Health Department" (Electromagnetic Radiation Safety, May 19 2017)

In December 2017, after 9 years, California Department of Public Health issued an Advisory warning of the dangers of cellphone radiation. This was done under a Court Order. The California Department of Public Health's "Cell Phone Warning", cautioning children and pregnant women, was the same as one issued a decade previously by a top cancer center, the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, in 2007.

FCC (Federal Communications Commission)

  • The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) admitted in 2013 that it is not a health and safety organization. It therefore depends on others to establish biological safety limits:

    "Since the Commission is not a health and safety agency, we defer to other organizations and agencies with respect to interpreting the biological research necessary to determine what levels are safe. As such, the Commission invites health and safety agencies and the public to comment on the propriety of our general present limits and whether additional precautions may be appropriate in some cases, for example with respect to children." (FCC 13-39: Section 6)
  • The FCC admits it depends on international organizations like ICNIRP to establish safety limits and that these limits are for heating and not for other biological effects of RF energy:

    "These more recent international exposure standards activities [i.e. ICNIRP, 1998 heating standards] have a fundamentally similar basis in protecting against established adverse health effects due to tissue heating." (FCC 13-39: Section 13)
  • The FCC admits that international organizations like the WHO's IARC have classified both RF and ELF energy as possible carcinogenic to humans:
    ​"Also we have observed ongoing international health-related activity in this area, with ... the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifying both RF and ELF fields as possibly carcinogenic to humans." (FCC 13-39: Section 13)

                      Federal Communications Commission: "First Report and Order Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making and Notice of Enquiry" (FCC 13-39, March 27 2013)

  • The FCC admits that there is some scientific evidence for non-thermal effects, but the FCC claims that it has not been "proved" that electromagnetic radiation "causes" cancer and neurological effects like headaches, dizziness and memory loss:

    "There is no scientific evidence to date that proves that wireless phone usage can lead to cancer or a variety of other health effects, including headaches, dizziness or memory loss."

    "The FDA, which has primary jurisdiction for investigating mobile phone safety, has stated that it cannot rule out the possibility of risk, but if such a risk exists, "it is probably small." "

    ​"A number of reports have appeared in the scientific literature describing the observation of a range of biological effects resulting from exposure to low levels of RF energy.  However, in most cases, further experimental research has been unable to reproduce these effects."

    ​"While some experimental data have suggested a possible link between exposure and tumor formation in animals exposed under certain specific conditions, the results have not been independently replicated. "

                      Federal Communications Commission: "Frequently asked questions about the safety of radiofrequency (RF) and microwave emissions from transmitters and facilities regulated by the FCC" (RF Safety FAQ, updated November 25 2015)
  • The FCC admits that the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Section 704, appears to deny States and local planners the authority to determine non-thermal limits to ensure the health of all people, including the sensitive people, like children, the elderly, the ill, pregnant women and people with EHS,  recognized by international standards, such as Bioinitiative and EUROPAEM EMF Guidelines 2016, within their jurisdiction:

    "In the United States, some local and state jurisdictions have also enacted rules and regulations pertaining to human exposure to RF energy.  However, the Telecommunications Act of 1996 contained provisions relating to federal jurisdiction to regulate human exposure to RF emissions from certain transmitting devices.  In particular, Section 704 of the Act states that, "No State or local government or instrumentality thereof may regulate the placement, construction, and modification of personal wireless service facilities on the basis of the environmental effects of radio frequency emissions to the extent that such facilities comply with the Commission's regulations concerning such emissions." 

                      Federal Communications Commission: "Frequently asked questions about the safety of radiofrequency (RF) and microwave emissions from transmitters and facilities regulated by the FCC" (RF Safety FAQ, updated November 25 2015
  • In 1946 the FCC assigned the unrestricted 2.45 GHz waveband, now used for wifi and numerous other household devices, to medical uses because of its greater effects on water and biological tissue especially in terms of blood flow and metabolic effects.
                     Guy AW: "History of Biological Effects and Medical Applications of Microwave Energy" (IEEE MTT, 1984; rev. 2015)

FDA (Food and Drug Administration)

  • The FDA follows pro-wireless cliques, like the ICNIRP and the IEEE, which still claim that the only adverse effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic energy are the result of heating, thus discounting the thousands of studies establishing non-thermal effects since the 1970s.

    "According to current data, the FDA believes that the weight of scientific evidence does not show an association between exposure to radiofrequency from cell phones and adverse health outcomes. Still, there is consensus that additional research is warranted to address gaps in knowledge, such as the effects of cell phone use over the long-term and on pediatric populations."

                 "​​Current Research Results" (FDA: Radiation-Emitting Products, updated 12/04/2017)

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)

  • The EPA claims, like the pro-wireless cliques such as the FCC, FDA, ICNIRP and IEEE, that the only known adverse effect of electromagnetic exposure is heating, ignoring the thousands of studies establishing adverse effects at non-thermal levels.

    Under "Who is Protecting You", the EPA lists the FCC and the FDA.

    "RF can be dangerous at very high levels because it creates heat, and has the ability to heat tissue rapidly."

    "To date, the scientific evidence linking long-term use of cell phones to cancer or other health effects is not conclusive. More research is needed to clarify the question of safety."  

                        "Wireless Technology" (EPA, National Service Center for Environmental Publications)

Massachusetts: leadership role in protecting the public

  • "Massachusetts is taking a leadership role in protecting the public. Ashland Public Schools has become the first in the nation to take measures while awaiting further instruction from state leaders. Ashland has posted signs in each classroom advising wireless devices be turned off when not in use, wireless access points be turned on only when needed, and as the manufacturers’ fine print indicates, never keep an active device on one’s body.

    On Beacon Hill, five legislators have introduced bills to address wireless radiation and public health. The first two bills are scheduled for public hearing on Tuesday, June 20, 1-4 p.m. Senator Michael O. Moore’s S.1864 will give residents the right to choose a non-radiation-emitting public utility meter (gas, electric, water, solar, etc.). Senator Julian Cyr’s S.108 addresses safe use of hand-held devices by children.

    In the fall, additional bills by Senator Karen Spilka, Senator Cyr, Senator Donald Humason and Representative Carolyn Dykema will come up for public hearing to educate our doctors, schools and the general public on wireless radiation risks and safer technology practices.

    Until these bills are enacted and/or biologically safe mobile technology is brought to market, there are simple but important measures we can all choose to reduce our radiation exposure: connect to the internet via hard-wired fiber optics and Ethernet cables, then turn off the wireless emissions at work, home, school and leisure spaces. When on the go, keep devices in airplane mode except when needed as this disables the radiation transmissions, and never give a child a wireless device in active mode.

    Other best practices are to create radiation-free white zones, especially in sleeping areas so the radiation doesn’t disrupt our body’s ability to cell repair while we sleep. Distances of a quarter to a half mile (for those with health complications) minimum should be established from cell towers, including the street-level antennas being installed in neighborhoods to support 5G infrastructure.

    More than 200 leading scientists and public health experts have submitted an International Appeal to the World Health Organization and United Nations seeking their leadership in bringing public policy in line with current scientific evidence of harm."

                 Cece Doucette: "Protecting ourselves from two-way microwave radiation" (MetroWest Daily News, June 20 2017)

Colorado proposed ban on smartphone sales for children

"Too much technology too soon can impair brain development, hinder social skills and trigger an unhealthy reliance on the neurotransmitter dopamine, a high similar to what drug and alcohol addicts feel.

In February, he formed the nonprofit PAUS (Parents Against Underage Smartphones) with a few other medical professionals and began drafting a ballot initiative that, if passed, would make Colorado the first state in the nation to establish legal limits on smartphones sales to children.
Farnum’s proposal, ballot initiative no. 29, would make it illegal for cellphone providers to sell smartphones to children under the age of 13. The ban would require retailers to ask customers the age of the primary user of the smartphone and submit monthly adherence reports to the Colorado Department of Revenue."

        Katie Mettler: "Smartphones made his kids ‘moody’ and ‘withdrawn.’ Now he wants to ban them for preteens" (Washington Post, June 19 2017)

IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)

  • The IEEE formed its Committee on Man and Radiation (COMAR) in 1972 to counter health concerns relating to EM radiation effects. It undertakes public education and produces position papers. Some members were cautious about COMAR because they had financial stakes or employment in the electrical, electronics and wireless industries. 

US Government Officials stated 1976 that 10,000 microW/m2 is dangerous 

“These beams have resulted in radiation densities within Chancery Offices and some apartments of personnel ranging from 1 to 15 microwatts per square centimeter.”
“Our medical experts are of the considered opinion that prolonged exposure to microwave radiation at the levels measured in the U.S. embassy constitute a potential health hazard.”
            US Government: Moscow Embassy Report to Department of State, dated January 31 1976 (originally secret, unclassified 2006)                  “Moscow Signal – Approach to Gromyko”; Canonical ID: 1976MOSCOW01437_b:

  • 1-15 microWatt/cm2 = 10,000-150,000 µW/m2 = 1.9–7.5 V/m.
  • Current 1996 FCC heating limits are:  1,000 microW per cm2 = 10,000,000 µW/m2 = 61 V/m.
  • Current 1998 ICNIRP heating limits are:  900 microW per cm2 = 9,000,000 µW/m2 = 58 V/m, and 450 microW per cm2 = 4,500,000 µW/m2 = 41 V/m.
  • Old USA 1955 heating limits: 10,000 microWatt/cm2 = 100,000,000 µW/m2 = 194 V/m.
  • USSR 1958 biological limits: 10 microWatt/cm2 = 100,000 µW/m2 = 6.1 V/m.

Individual pro-industry scientists

There have been leading scientists in  many countries who rejected established evidence for biophysical and non-thermal effects of EMFs and wireless energy. Some have been physicists, unable to accept the complexities of quantum biology if that evidence clashes with what they believe is required by their preferred physics formulae. Good examples are (a) the beliefs in thermal noise dominating biological systems of resonances or coherences, and (b) linear dose-response beliefs discounting evidence for 'windows' of frequency effects.

Phainomena and Endoxa: This is not a new problem. Aristotle, in the fourth century BCE, can be seen as both the founder of evidence-based science and medicine ('phainomena'), and also the founder of the principles of physics ('endoxa'). Nevertheless he was able to hold both approaches together in a balanced methodology. The European medieval bias was towards Aristotle's principles or endoxa. This had to be corrected in the 1600s by a new emphasis on phainomena and a scientific evidence-based methodology by people like Bacon with his "Novum Organum" to replace Aristotle's "Organum", and Galileo. Isaac Newton's approach was mainly mathematical but focused more on astronomy and basic physics than on biophysical and biological systems, causing some physicists to undervalue biophysical evidence.

  • "Aristotle, one the greatest minds that ever existed, is indeed the godfather of evidence-based medicine. His teachings of logic and philosophy have been a driving force continuously guiding medicine away from superstition and towards the scientific method. Today, the revival of evidence-based medicine is only a reaffirmation of his early teachings dating from the fourth century BC."​(Sallam HN: "Aristotle, godfather of evidence-based medicine" Facts Views Vis Obgyn., 2010)

Some scientists, especially in the US, have been surprisingly dogmatic in rejecting biophysical and biological evidence, especially for non-thermal effects. Herman Schwan in 1953 chose safety limits based on his thermal belief or hypothesis, now long invalidated, that only heating can cause adverse effects. He was followed by a number of others who also put this non-thermal belief above evidence-based science, in a manner reminiscent of some European medieval churchmen. This small clique of like-minded believers in the thermal hypothesis seems to dominate groups like the FCC, ICNIRP and WHO, whereas the vast majority of scientists worldwide now accept non-thermal effects as established both for therapeutic and adverse roles.

Professor Robert Adair

Dr Robert Adair, Sterling Professor of Physics Emeritus at the University of Yale and a member of the National Academy of Sciences, wrote “Health Effects of Low-Intensity Electric and Magnetic Fields (and Scientific Error)” in about 2006 for the website of the American Council on Science and Health. In it, he asserted that public focus on threats to children’s health should not include power-frequency electric and magnetic fields, because, in his words, “many published results of scientific research are wrong.”

  • "There are at least 300 papers reporting biological effects of EMFs generated at low frequencies by our power distribution system and at higher frequencies by radio, TV, radar, and communication devices such as cell phones. But there are no such effects. As with many other scientific hypotheses, such as cold fusion and polywater in physics, all of the many positive results showing biological effects of weak EMFs, many published in reputable journals, are wrong.”
    ("American Health Society Features Adair: Robert Adair offers Opinion on EMF Policy and Scientific Error" The Bioelectromagnetics Society, website January 2018)
  • "Adair [Bioelectromagnetics 14:1-4, 1993] writes that "the effects of 60 Hz magnetic fields of 5 microT (50 mG) or less on biological structures holding magnetite (Fe3O4) are shown to be much smaller than those from thermal agitation; hence such interactions cannot be expected to be biologically significant." This conclusion is questioned, because it appears to be based on a model that probably has very limited validity for pertinent biological systems. Furthermore, biologically plausible parameters can be selected to show that even this particular model does not exclude biologically significant effects of 60 Hz magnetic fields below 5 microT."
    (Polk C:P "Effects of extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields on biological magnetite"Bioelectromagnetics, 1994)
  • "Here we show that nociception in mice is altered by a 30 Hz field with a peak amplitude more than 1000 times weaker than the static component of the geomagnetic field. ... Any purported detection mechanisms being considered will need to explain effects at such weak ELFMF."
    (Prato RS et al,: "Magnetoreception in laboratory mice: sensitivity to extremely low-frequency fields exceeds 33 nT at 30 Hz"J R Soc Interface, 2013)
  • '“Bob Adair’s calculations are not wrong,” Barnes added. “They just don’t deal with the situations we are dealing with.” He was referring to Robert Adair, a professor emeritus of physics at Yale University, who has long maintained that weak field effects are incompatible with the laws of physics. Barnes was careful to point out that not all experiments would show effects because “biological systems have many feedback and repair mechanisms.”'
    ("It May Not Be Impossible After All: Weak Magnetic Fields Can Promote Cancer" Microwave News, March 18 2016)

Pro-industry influence: government agencies, journals and the media

The media and regulators are often influenced by pro-industry groups, including government agencies.

This is true of many industries in addition to the Wireless, Cellphone and Power-line Industries, including: Asbestos, Chemicals, Food & Sugar, GM, Glyphosate and Pesticides, and Tobacco, 

The pro-wireless private German group called ICNIRP was spun out of a pro-nuclear weapons radiation group and usually adopts pro-wireless viewpoints.

The US pro-wireless IEEE represents parts of the wireless industry.
The WHO's IARC had to remove Anders Ahlbom after his industry links were revealed. 

A Canadian panel of the Royal Society of Canada had to remove Daniel Krewski after conflicting interests were revealed.

In the US there have been concerns about industry links by people in the FCC. 

In England Sir Richard Doll, the scientist who confirmed the link between smoking and lung cancer, later switched to supporting some industries and was chair of England's NRPB pro-wireless and pro-power-line Advisory Group on Non-Ionising Radiation (AGNIR) from 1990 to 2003 denying serious adverse bioelectromagnetic effects at low levels of exposure.

Asbestos and Chemicals Industries:


Food and Sugar Industries:

GM, Glyphosate and Pesticides Industries:

Radiation Industry and WHO's subordination to IAEA:

Tobacco Industry:


Wireless, Cellphone and Power-line Industries:

Wikipedia and pro-industry editors

One of the clearest examples of the systematic influence of the clique of pro-industry activists appears to be Wikipedia. It has been alleged that some editors are paid or expected to alter articles and entries in favor of the industry for which they work.

The Wikipedia entry on Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity used to have some balance between real physical EHS and psychological Electrophobia, with which it has sometimes been confused. Since 2016, however, it has been rewritten in a blatantly anti-scientific way, ignoring the established evidence since 1932 and instead pretending that all cases of real EHS are actually Electrophobia, without supplying convincing proof. 

In fact it is not just conditions like EHS which have been misrepresented in Wikipedia. Much of natural medicine, organic farming and 'green' attempts to preserve life on planet Earth have also been unfairly condemned  (see e.g. alternative medicine, dental amalgam controversy, Glyphosate, genetically modified crops, homeopathy, naturopathy, water fluoridation).

​See also: Science - corruption by industry

                  Federal Communications Commission: "Frequently asked questions about the safety of radiofrequency (RF) and microwave emissions from transmitters and facilities regulated by the FCC" (RF Safety FAQ, updated November 25 2015)