What is ES?

Viewpoints on ES

              to: Current science on Electromagnetic Sensitvity: overview              

              to: Expert Viewpoints and Appeals


              to: World Health Organization, ICNIRP

              to: European Union

              to: 'Nocebo' effect and Electrophobia


              to: other organizations

              to: Precautionary Principle

              to: Pro-industry Regulators and Media

              to: Provocation test failures and problems

              to: Documentaries, Films, Humor


Electrosensitivity was discovered in 1932. Earlier studies had identified individual symptoms, but this was when doctors first realised that there was a group of symptoms found among a small proportion of the population. Several scientific studies from the mid 1930s in both the USA and Germany reported on the range of symptoms found in this condition, although until the 1980s it was primarily seen as an occupational illness among workers in radio, the electricity industry and later radar, 

By the 1960s Electrosensitivity had been well described and accepted by scientists in the USSR and Poland. Both the USSR and the USA used Electrosensitivity symptoms from the 1950s onwards as the basis of non-thermal electronic warfare. This has become a major element of modern warfare in the 21st century. Much of the research was therefore kept secret and the public and medical profession were not properly informed about this research.

Only in the 1980s, when cases of Electrosensitivity began to appear among workers in the electronics industry making cellphones in Scandinavia, did doctors begin to take a renewed interest. This is when the Swedish association for people with Electrosensitivity was founded and this led to Sweden accepting Electrosensitivity as a functional impairment and known disability. 

In some other countries, however, notably the USA and the UK, it was realised that Electrosensitivity and other ill health from wireless radiation could limit military uses and the growing cellphone industry. The governments therefore tried to protect the cellphone industry by, for instance, preventing objections to cellphone towers under the Telecoms legislation of the 1990s and by trying to suggest that Electrosensitivity was a psychological effect, not the physiological one shown from 1932 and still used in electronic warfare. This attempt can still be seen in the pro-wireless claim in a WHO document of 2005 that Electrosensitivity exists but is not proven to be caused by electromagnetic fields and radiation. This was later counter-balanced by another WHO statement saying that Electrosensitivity is not a known psychological disorder.

Since 2001 and 2011 when WHO's IARC classified EM non-thermal effects as a possible cancer agent, the majority of scientists has accepted adverse health effects such as Electrosensitivity. This has been confirmed by individual studies showing that sensitive people can be identified, often through objective subconscious markers, and that the effects are non-linear. This proof for Electrosensitivity thus invalidates the failed provocation tests using only conscious and subjective criteria and based on a false linear hypothesis. The majority of scientists also accept that non-thermal radiation can have therapeutic physical affects in humans, which do not depend on a supposed nocebo or placebo still claimed by a few psychologists for adverse effects. 

Medical scientists now see Electrosensitivity as similar to an individual's sensitivities to things like food substances, chemicals and other environmental toxins. There is interest in the cumulative effects, genetic predispositions, since Electrosensitivity often runs in families, the need for avoidance of radiation to maintain health, and the equality rights for people disabled by this functional impairment. Courts and tribunals around the world are now granting financial compensation regarding the scientific evidence for Electrosensitivity as sufficient in individual cases.


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