Viewpoints on Electrosensitivity
back to: Viewpoints on ES
to: Expert Viewpoints
to: World Health Organization, ICNIRP
to: Nocebo effects and Electrophobia
to: other organizations
to: Pro-Industry Regulators
to: Provocation test failures and problems
to: Documentaries, Films, Humor
Pro-industry Regulators and Media
Pro-industry and government regulators who support high levels of wireless and other electromagnetic exposure have been criticised for producing reports with scientific bias and even 'fraud'. Many such reports have consistently omitted or rejected positive evidence of adverse effects, sometimes even omitting the WHO/IARC classifications of 2B cancer agents and the recommendations by leading scientists that these should be upgraded to Class 1 Certain.
In the US it has been alleged that "Julius Genachowski donated $3,494,919 to DNC [Democratic National Committee] and served as Chairman of the FCC [Federal Communications Commission] from 2009 to 2013" (Tyler Durden: "This Is How Much It 'Costs' To Get An Ambassadorship: Guccifer 2.0 Leaks DNC 'Pay-To-Play' Donor List" Zero Hedge, September 14 2016)
The wireless and cellphone industry is well aware of the potentially devastating costs of damage litigation when harm is eventually proved from low-level electromagnetic energy sufficient to convince all courts world-wide. At present the industry seems more concerned about short-term profits than the long-term safety of its products and tries to prevent the public becoming aware of the growing amount of evidence proving harm.
Australia: ARPANSA, ACEBR
Members of ARPANSA (Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency) appear to belong to the minority clique of activists still clinging to Schwan's mistake of 1953. They seem to believe that the only adverse effect of EM energy is heating, despite the vast majority of scientists long accepting the established evidence for non-thermal effects, now used extensively in healthcare procedures and electronic weapons.
- "It would appear that outdated and incorrect philosophies dominate the viewpoints of non-ionizing radiation protection/regulatory bodies. A case perhaps where there is an application of too much physics and engineering principles in isolation and not integrated with the field of biology and medicine. Unless the nexus between government and industry can be broken it is unlikely we will see a fair assessment of the science or the recognition of the potential harm that is being suggested by the accumulated research."
(Steven Weller, BRHP, June 10 2018)
Criticism of ARPANSA's approach to Risk Management:
Criticism of ARPANSA TR 178 Synopsis on EMF Research Needs:
ARPANSA is limited in what it can say about bioeffects of EM energy because its freedom is restricted by the ARPANSA Act of 1998 which requires "that the Act will not prejudice either Australia's defence or national security" (Explanatory Memorandam, 1998):
- Under this Act ARPANSA is prohibited from prejudicing Australia’s defence (Radar, Communications, Missile Guidance, ECM etc.)
- Under this Act ARPANSA is prohibited from prejudicing Australia's national security (Communications, Surveillance and other covert action).
Excellent reviews of ARPANA's deficient approach to the scientific evidence:
Australia: ARPANSA and ACEBR, links with ICNIRP
'Pseudoscience' by ARPANSA and ACEBR:
'Paper should be withdrawn'
A new analysis (Karipidis K et al, 2018) by two pro-wireless activist groups, Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) and the Australian Centre for Electromagnetic Bioeffects Research (ACEBR), claimed the incidence of brain tumours in Australia did not increase between 2003 and 2013. “People say mobile phones can cause cancer but our study showed this was not the case,” said ARPANSA’s Ken Karipidis, who led the study with ACEBR’s Rodney Croft, under an A$2.6 million grant from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia. Croft, a psychology professor, is a member of ICNIRP, and Karipidis is a member of ICNIRP’s Scientific Expert Group. ICNIRP has long strived to counter any suggestion of a link between brain tumors and cell phones.
Others are skeptical. The work is incomplete and misleading —or worse, they say, since it included only brain tumours in Australia between 1982 and 2013 among those under 60. Karipidis and Croft excluded all cases aged 60 years or more at diagnosis. That decision has prompted widespread criticism because it leaves out the largest segment of the brain tumor population. In the U.S. the median age of brain tumor cases is 60, according the American Brain Tumor Association (that is, there are more cases among those older than 59 than those who are 59 or younger). If a similar distribution applies to Australia, Karipidis and Croft would have ignored a majority of all brain tumor cases in their analysis.
Limiting cases to those 59 and younger seems “quite bizarre and unnecessary” said Vini Khurana, an Australian brain surgeon and the director of CNS Neurosurgery in Sydney. Joel Moskowitz of the University of California, Berkeley said “It’s a biased study”. Bruce Armstrong, emeritus professor at the University of Sydney School of Medicine who led Australia’s Interphone team, acknowledged the problem with the study design: if Karipidis’s team had behaved “rationally,” Armstrong said, they would have done it differently. “Interphone excluded people over 60 because it was argued at the time that these people had little mobile phone use.” Karipidis and Croft’s ecological analysis —a search for trends— is totally different from the case-control design used in Interphone. They have no information on the use of mobile phones by those with brain tumors. Interphone, on the other hand, went to great lengths to estimate each participant’s exposure to RF radiation.
The Australian study runs counter to a paper (Philips A et al, 2018) in the U.K. They showed that the incidence of glioblastoma (GBM), the most aggressive type of brain tumor, more than doubled in England between 1995 and 2015. Philips said “By stopping at age 59, they are missing the group with the largest increase in GBM, and those with the most exposure to mobile phone radiation. This is impossible to justify. Frankly, I find their limited analysis shocking and I don’t understand how it cleared peer review. For GBM, ignoring those over 59, eliminates 63% of all the cases in England. Essentially the entire increase in GBM over the last 20 years is among the older group of people. The Australian paper is nothing more than misleading pseudoscience and should be withdrawn.”
Industry influence on Australian regulators and research;
Canada: Safety Code 6 RSC review (2013)
Criticism of the Royal Society of Canada's review of Safety Code 6:
Submissions to the RSC included:
Health Canada's failure:
Europe: SCENIHR Opinion (draft 2014; published March 6th 2015)
Criticism of the draft Opinion of 2014 by the European Commission's SCENIHR (Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks). This included the failure to include studies showing the need for a Class 1 Certain cancer classification for radio frequency, and comments on the role of one the committee members.
Finland: STUK (2015)
- Finland’s Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK: Säteilyturvakeskus, a governmental organization responsible for assuring radiation safety in Finland) "is hiding important radiation exposure information from the general public, the Government and the Parliament."
- "This is another untruthful statement from STUK experts (“It should be also remembered there is still no scientific evidence of harmful effects of cell phones.”), where they dismiss evidence, some of which came from STUK scientists, and which IARC considered as sufficiently compelling to classify cell phone radiation as a possible human carcinogen. It is possible to claim that there is no conclusive evidence, but the claim that there is no evidence is a simply a lie."
(Dariusz Leszcynski: "STUK in Finland: How trustworthy is information on smart phones and… nuclear power plants…" BRHP, August 10 2015)
There has been sustained criticism of the way cellphones are apparently not assessed as required, or accurate results are not made available. It is alleged that ANFES, the French National Frequencies Agency, has not released essential information. It has not published its test reports for 2012-17
"French and International 'PhoneGate': a 'Global Scandal'"
on: "Replacing Cellphones and Cordless phones"
Wireless industry pressure on reporting Phonegate scandal:
ANSES EHS Report, 2018:
On March 27 2018 ANSES, a French government agency concerned with health and safety, published a report on Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity (EHS). The following comments are based on first impressions of the French version.
- The ANSES Report is highly damaging.
- It omits much of what is known about EHS.
- It adopts a minority skeptic viewpoint supportive of industry and some governments.
- The ANSES report confuses two different conditions, real physiological EHS, and the distinct condition of psychological Electrophobia or the nocebo effect. Since the medical literature has differentiated these conditions sine the 1980s, it is inexcusable for the ANSES report to confuse them. The ANSES report will likely harm people suffering from real EHS
- The 16 members of ANSES' working group, none of whom are well known experts in this field, have exposed themselves to accusations of bias and deliberate harm to people with real EHS.
- The ANSES report of March 27 2018 was a literature review for 2009-16. This is only 8% of the time since 1932, when real EHS was first accurately described in the medical literature. Consequently, the report is inevitably worthless by rejecting 92% of the period for which evidence is available establishing without any doubt at all that real physiological EHS exists.
The ANSES website claims wrongly:
“current scientific knowledge shows no cause and effect relationship between the symptoms of people declaring themselves as electrohypersensitive and their exposure to electromagnetic waves”.
This is clearly wrong. If ANSES's claim were true, hundreds of peer-reviewed would have to be withdrawn. It has been established for 50 years that people with real EHS have their specific symptoms because of exposure to EM waves. ANSES cannot undo established science because it wants to help the French government and the wireless industry.
Equally this ANSES report fails to assess the many studies showing that some people are sensitive to geomagnetic events, solar radiation, the aurora borealis and sferics. It is extraordinary that all these studies are omitted, along with the studies showing animal and plant sensitivity to man-made and natural electromagnetic energy.
“Hypersensitivity to electromagnetic waves: research efforts should be scaled up and suitable care provided for the people concerned” (ANSES: French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety, March 27 2018)
The following 14 points (March 28 2018) are based on the French version of the ANSES EHS Report published on March 27 2018. Collectively they show that the ANSES Report is not only worthless but actually highly damaging to people with real EHS.
- The ANSES Report does not start by accepting that real EHS is already recognized internationally - e.g. in the ICD listing by the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2000 and in increasing numbers of legal cases around the world.
- It omits the established and foolproof diagnosis of real EHS, that when all man-made EM energy is removed, all specific EHS symptoms also disappear.
- It confuses two different conditions, real EHS supported by its physiological markers, and psychological Electrophobia or the nocebo effect. Only about 1% of people with real EHS also have Electrophobia. The difference has been known for over 30 years, so the Report has no excuse for confusing these two separate conditions.
- It omits reference to Allan Frey, who identified tinnitus or microwave hearing in 1962, one of the commonest of specific symptoms of real EHS.
- It omits reference to Dr Jean-Paul Maschi, the Paris physician, who developed the fundamental concept of Electropollution in 1965 with all its health harm, and wrote "Combat pour une idée - La pollution électromagnétique" (2nd ed. 2005) about his unique work on what causes health problems from this man-made toxin.
- It apparently has only one reference to Multiple Sclerosis and omits reference to Dr Jean-Paul Maschi who published a key book on this topic in 2014: "Sclérose en plaques et pollution électromagnétique : La théorie environnementale d'une maladie neurologique" of 364 pages. The Report does not seem to address at any length a central issue that real EHS is established as particularly applying to people with MS and others with compromised myelin, and that man-made EM exposure appears to have a role in demyelination.
- It fails to describe in detail the numerous existing studies establishing and detailing the objective biological markers of EHS or RWS (Radio Wave Sickness) as already published in the medical literature. Instead it relegates them to a single footnote (no.28). It could have referred to the US Joint Publications Research Service which in 1974 published detailed summaries in English of some of the key literature establishing the existence and markers for real EHS/RWS (Gordon ZV (ed.): “Biological Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields” (JPRS) 63321, 274 pages). This is readily available online (link) yet not even referenced by the ANSES Report.
- It does not use effectively one of the best recent sources on real EHS, which is based on examining and diagnosing hundreds of people with real EHS. This is the outstanding work by Professor Dominique Belpomme of Paris, internationally regarded as one of the leading experts on this condition and other environmental intolerances such as chemical sensitivity. A report on EHS should build on Belpomme's excellent research by elucidating and synthesising its valuable contributions with the studies relating real EHS to genetics and molecular pathways based on gene expression and proteomics which are becoming available.
- It has no mention of Professor Luc Montagnier, one of France's best known Nobel prize winners, whose discoveries on how DNA information can be transduced through water and electromagnetic waves (Montangier L et al, 2015) is relevant to how current research on real EHS is exploring the quantum nature of human neurology and how this is inevitably affected by man-made EM energy.
- It has no reference to the way that the effects of real EHS can be studied in 3d fMRI scans - see Dr G Heuser et al, 2017; 2017b,
- It does not make the EUROPAEM EM Guidelines 2016 central to protecting people with real EHS. Instead it has pages explaining the ICNIRP's guidelines, although these are based on Schwan's basic mistake of 1953 when he claimed that the only adverse effect of EM exposure was heating. This has been established as wrong for over 50 years and, anyway, has nothing to do with real EHS, which is caused by non-thermal effects, longer than ICNIRP's 6 minutes.
- It has no reference to the studies on the socio-economic effects of real EHS and similar environmental sensitivities from toxins, such as man-made EM energy, by Professor Pamela Gibson (e.g. Gibson PR et al, 2015). This is a crucial aspect of living with real EHS, as opposed to the Report's emphasis on the different condition of Electrophobia.
- It shows the importance of creating 'White' (or 'Green') Zones without any man-made EM radiation, for people with real EHS, but it does not address fully the far more fundamental issue of basic human rights, where all people functionally disabled should have full access to all elements of society according to the United Nations' Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities of 2006.
- The ANSES Report is therefore not only worthless in terms of addressing the established science on real EHS, as opposed to the different condition of Electrophobia, but it renders its 16 authors liable to doing definite harm to people with real EHS by such fundamental flaws. As a result of the last two points in particular, if the intention of the Report was to confuse real EHS with Electrophobia and to ignore basic human rights of people with real EHS, then French citizens would appear to have reason to examine how each of the authors of this Report is liable for causing harm to people with real EHS.
"Hypersensibilité électromagnétique ou intolérance environnementale idiopathique attribuée aux champs électromagnétiques" (ANSES, 2018)
Germany: ICNIRP (1998 on)
The ICNIRP is a private group of like-minded scientists all of whom hold the minority viewpoint that the only adverse effect of electromagnetic energy is heating, not the established and known biological effects. Like supporters of the wireless industry, they follow the mistake made by Schwan in 1953.
Criticism of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)'s heating limits:
In 2010 ICNIRP accepted substantiated and known electrosensitivity symptoms from non-thermal exposure to low frequency fields, but it has not yet recommended non-thermal biological safety limits to protect people against these known adverse effects and ill health.
- "Exposure to low-frequency electric fields may cause well-defined biological responses, ranging from perception to annoyance, through surface electric-charge effects ... the stimulation of central and peripheral nervous tissues and the induction in the retina of phosphenes, a perception of faint flickering light in the periphery of the visual field. The retina is part of the CNS."
- "The responsiveness of electrically excitable nerve and muscle tissue to electric stimuli including those induced by exposure to low-frequency EMFs has been well established for many years."
- "Acute effects: There are a number of well established acute effects of exposure to low-frequency EMFs on the nervous system: the direct stimulation of nerve and muscle tissue and the induction of retinal phosphenes. There is also indirect scientific evidence that brain functions such as visual processing and motor co-ordination can be transiently affected by induced electric fields."
ICNIRP: "Guidelines for limiting exposure to time‐varying electric and magnetic fields (1hz – 100 khz)" (2010)
The ICNIRP accepts known and established adverse biological effects yet promulgates guidelines which concern only heating and not established and known biological effects. It relies on Schwan's mistake of 1953 in rejecting established and known biological effects because they did not agree with his heating hypothesis. All countries should adopt biological guidelines based on scientifically established known biological effects and not on unproven assumptions about heat.
The ICNIRP is aware that people with electrosensitivity and other vulnerable groups like children, the elderly and some chronically ill people, need biological guidelines, not ICNIRP's current heating guidelines.
- "Different groups in a population may have differences in their ability to tolerate a particular NIR exposure. For example, children, the elderly, and some chronically ill people might have a lower tolerance for one or more forms of NIR exposure than the rest of the population. Under such circumstances, it may be useful or necessary to develop separate guideline levels for different groups within the general population, but it may be more effective to adjust the guidelines for the general population to include such groups."
ICNIRP: "Statement: General approach to protection against non‐ionizing radiation" (2002)
ICNIRP Draft Guidelines 2018
The ICNIRP is calling for comments on its draft 2018 guidelines, still based on Schwan's 1953 heating mistake. The ICNIRP should be providing guidelines for people it states are particularly sensitive to EM energy and need biological guidelines and not its invalidated heating guidelines, declared "obsolete" by the European Parliament in 2009.
The ICNIRP draft guidelines have been shown to be totally inadequate for protecting human health.
Areas which are scientifically invalid include:
ICNIRP continues to reject scientific evidence:
The “ICNIRP Note on recent animal carcinogenesis studies” (ICNIRP, Munich, Germany, September 4 2018) rejected the scientific evidence from the $25m USA’s National Toxicology Programme’s study and Ramazzini Institute’s study. Both of these comprehensive and top quality studies showed that RF can cause cancer.
The Note was published during the ICNIRP’s review process in re-issuing its 1998 6-minute heating limits. It attempted to justify the ICNIRP's rejection of the overwhelming weight of evidence which now shows that RF is a class 1 certain human carcinogen. According to the Note, the ICNIRP claimed that, for revising its 1998 6-minute heating exposure guidelines:
“these studies do not provide a reliable basis”.
The ICNIRP admitted that the Ramazzini whole-body exposures were 0.001-0.1 W/kg, making all their local exposures within the ICNIRP 1998 heating limits, while the whole-body exposures at 0.1 W/kg only slightly exceeded the ICNIRP's whole-body limit of 0.08 W/kg, concluding about this Ramazinni study:
“In terms of relevance to mobile-phones, if any adverse health effects were shown to be due to local exposures, then these could be highly relevant to mobile-phones.”
The ICNIRP's claim that the NTP and Ramazinni evidence is not “reliable” goes against the majority of expert international scientists and against the 2018 independent review panel for the NTP results.
For details on the ICNIRP, see also: World Health Organization
GLORE stands for "Global Coordination of Research and Health Policy on RF Electromagnetic Fields".
GLORE began as a bilateral meeting between Japan and South Korea. Its first meeting was in Tokyo in 1997 and its second in Seoul in 1998. The EU has been involved since 1999, the USA since 2000 and Australia and Canada more recently.
GLORE is still composed only of invited and "registered" representatives from governments supporting the wireless industry, industry and their associated academics.
Its meetings have included representatives from minority-viewpoint scientific groups like the ICNIRP and the WHO.
The second day of its meetings are held in secrecy and closed to outsiders so that political/critical issues can be discussed.
Meetings are usually held in November/December: Paris 2018 , FFC HQ Washington DC 2017, Washington DC 2013.
There are signs in India of an awareness of the problem of industry influence.
- “Any study in my country which is funded by private industry, I am not going to accept it.”
Dr. R S Sharma, Indian government Senior Scientist, Deputy Director General & Scientist of the Indian Council of Medical Research (Environmental Health Trust)
Attempted wireless industry censorship:
UK: PHE(HPA) AGNIR Report (2012)
Criticism of the Advisory Group on Non-Ionizing Radiation (AGNIR)'s report of 2012:
The 2012 AGNIR Report has been analysed in detail and shown to be a fringe minority viewpoint where its conclusions of no harm are not supported by the evidence which clearly and convincingly shows harm.
- “The executive summary misleadingly implied that because not all studies reported the same effects, RF signals have no effect ...
- Decisions about involuntary, continuous and widespread RF exposures in schools, hospitals, workplaces and public and private spaces in the UK and around the world have been made based upon inaccurate conclusions of the AGNIR report …
- The denial of the existence of adverse effects of RF fields below ICNIRP guidelines in the AGNIR report conclusions is not supported by the scientific evidence …
- The involvement of ICNIRP scientists in the misleading report calls into question the basis and validity of the international exposure guidelines …
- The anticipated WHO Environmental Health Criteria Monograph on Radiofrequency Fields, due in 2017, is being prepared by a core group and additional experts, with 50% of those named, being, or having been, members of AGNIR or ICNIRP …
- Schools, hospitals, employers, organisations and individuals have legal responsibilities to safeguard the health, safety, well-being and development of children, employees and members of the public. But they are unable to fulfil their legal responsibilities when they have been provided with inaccurate information and the evidence of possible harm has been covered up …
- This has been a safeguarding failure and the health of some children or adults may have been damaged as a result …
- All children in schools and care environments need protection from the potential harmful effects of RF exposures and not, as is now often the case, a compulsory use of wireless devices in the classroom …
- Unfortunately, the report suffered from an incorrect and misleading executive summary and overall conclusions, inaccurate statements, omissions and conflict of interest. Public health and the well-being of other species in the natural world cannot be protected when evidence of harm, no matter how inconvenient, is covered up.”
Starkey SJ (2016) “Inaccurate official assessment of radiofrequency safety by the Advisory Group on Non-ionising Radiation”Rev Environ Health.
The consequences of the inaccuracy of the AGNIR 2012 RF Report include the need to revise all advice given since 2012 based on the false conclusions of this Report. In the UK this Report was accepted by Public Health England, the agency of the Department of Health which gives advise on radiation harm. Since PHE has thus given the general public inaccurate information, it means that PHE will have to revisit the acceptable levels of involuntary radiation exposure permitted in schools, hospitals, workplaces, public and private spaces, etc. Other countries which have also used this AGNIR Report to support their heating-only limits will also now need to reject the AGNIR conclusions and revise the evidence based on the actual science and not on pro-industry 'inaccuracies'.
General criticism of Public Health England:
Public Health England's acceptance of individual Radiosensitivity since 1999. based on defective DNA repair:
(a) Public Health England accepts that some people have individual genetic radiosensitivity.
Public Health England also accepts that the fact that some people have individual genetic radiosensitivity raises ethical dilemmas if society allows levels of radiation dangerous to these specific groups and individuals.
Although these comments were written in relation to radiosensitivity from ionizing radiation, expert doctors nowadays accept that there are extensive overlaps between the ways ionizing and non-ionizing radiation affect the human body. Often the physical effects based on objective markers, such as DNA changes, cannot be differentiated between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. The dilemma recognized by PHE (HPA) and its AGIR over individual radiosensitivity and its ethical implications are relevant to radiosensistivity at low levels at other frequencies in the radio spectrum.
- "We are moving gradually to a situation where it will be possible to identify groups and sometimes individuals at greater than average risk from radiation exposure. Consideration as to how such groups and individuals might be protected raises new and important ethical questions, particularly in the occupational context. In the absence of routing individual testing it makes sense to focus on providing information to people about such risks and anything that can be done to reduce them."
- "Work should continue in order to develop a better understanding of heterogeneity in cellular and molecular responses to radiation and their relevance to radiation-induced cancer."
- "There is a need for further work to be carried out to examine the interaction of inflammatory responses and responses to irradiation."
(AGIR: "Human Radiosensitivity" (HPA/PHE, 2013, pages 150-151)
(b) Public Health England accepts that individual genetic radio-hypersensitivity to cancers probably involves defective DNA repair:
- "There is a large body of information that provides evidence of the existence of genetic subgroups with increased radiosensitivity, but there are few quantitative datasets on which to estimate the true prevalence of such individuals or the degree to which their risk of radiation-induced cancers is enhanced."
- "These include individuals with certain cancer-prone syndromes and individuals with no known syndrome whose cells have been found to be remarkably radiosensitive. In both cases, there is usually an association with defective DNA repair."
- "Current knowledge of the role of DNA damage in carcinogenesis suggests that many of these individuals will also be hypersensitive to the induction of radiation-related cancer. Such individuals are, however, extremely rare in the population."
(AGIR: "Genetic Heterogeneity in the Population and its Implications for Radiation Risk" (NRPB, 1999, p.36, 37)
NRPB (PHE, HPA): evidence of non-thermal effects in 2004:
- "There is some evidence suggesting field dependent effects on reaction time and reduced accuracy in performance of some cognitive tasks, which is supported by the results of studies on the EEG."
- "There is convincing evidence that power frequency electric fields can be detected by animals, most likely as the result of surface charge effects."
- "There is some evidence that exposure to magnetic fields may modulate the functions of the opioid and cholinergic systems, and this is supported by the results of studies investigating effects on anelgesia and on the acquisition and performance of spatial memory tasks."
- "Various claims have been made over many years suggesting that RF EMFs from a variety of military and civilian sources may cause adverse changes in an assortment of behavioural and neurological functions. These include lack of concentration, poor memory, changes in sleep pattern, as well as loss of appetite and reduced libido. Together these symptoms have sometimes been called the neurasthenic or microwave sickness syndrome. More recently exposure to mobile phones has been suggested to cause similar effects."
- "Specific concerns have been expressed about possible adverse effects on memory, attention or other cognitive functions."
- "A wide range of subjective symptoms has been attributed to exposure to various sources of RF EMFs both at home and at work. Some users of mobile phones report they suffer a variety of subjective complaints, including headaches and migraines, fatigue, skin itches, and sensations of warmth .... Less commonly reported symptoms include dizziness, blurred vision, memory loss, confusion and vagueness, toothaches and nausea."
(NRPB: "Review of the Scientific Evidence for Limiting Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields (0-300 GHz)" (2004, p.64, 98)
Government, PHE, HPA, NRPB and industry collusion
- "The centre of the organised fraudulent defence of industry is at King’s College London. There professor Simon Wessely (see Appendix Twelve) and a team of clinical psychological researchers spend their time proving that people who think they have been damaged by environmental factors are suffering from ‘false illness beliefs.’ It was to King’s College University that the British Academy sent Ben Goldacre; to finishing school as it were. It is probably not surprising, therefore, that Goldacre, if he didn’t before, now embraces all the classic nons(ci)ence views of the quackbusters.
- "One of these is that Electromagnetic Fields (EMF), the kind that come from mobile phone relay masts, for instance, are incapable of causing harm to humans. There are no long-term studies to attest to this negative, blind and irrational assertion. The Lobby is deeply involved in research projects to prove that those who claim to be affected by electromagnetic fields have a mistaken perception of their illnesses. According to Mark Anslow in The Ecologist [Mark Anslow: "The Gathering Brainstorm" The Ecologist, December 2007], the researchers who conducted the latest of these studies failed to disguise their obvious methodological blunders. Nevertheless the study carried out at Essex University was given a high-profile launch at the Science Media Centre, the public organisation of New Labour / industry science spin."
- "The Science Media Centre, announcing the Essex study results, took their policy on media censorship to its ultimate conclusion, and banned ‘representatives of pressure groups and non-mainstream media from the research launch’."
- "Wessely has a long history of suggesting that most illnesses are imagined by their sufferers – let’s face it, apart from taking the blame off industry, this model of illness is of very low cost to the NHS. A founder member of HealthWatch and more recently on the advisory panel of the American Council of Science and Health, Wessely has in the past claimed a psychiatric aetiology to allergy and food intolerance, the Camelford toxic chemical disaster, Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME/CFS) and Gulf War Syndrome."
- "The Essex study and those conducted by Simon Wessely at King’s College were brought up in the quackbuster created row that followed the excellent Panorama programme, WI-FI A warning signal. The BBC programme was shown in May 2007 and its clear aim was to give voice to the arguments - censured from the British media, mainly by The Lobby - that there was a possible health risk associated with Wi-fi, and perhaps the wisdom of introducing it into schools to help run computers used in some class rooms, should be questioned." (pp.62-65)
Martin J Walker: "Cultural Dwarfs and Junk Journalism: Ben Goldacre, Quackbusting and Corporate Science" (Slingshot,
ISBN 13 978-0-9519646-9-9, 2008)
UK: Reviews of 2004 and 2005
- "The primary means by which electric fields and currents induced in the body by exposure to external fields intereact with biological tissue is by voltage-gated ion channels situated in cell membranes ... The most sensitive tissues are those comprising of interacting networks of electrically excitable tissue, such as the central, autonomic and enteric system." (p.66)
- "Sensitivity to electric fields induced within the body will vary within the population. People who are particularly sensitive will include those with epilepsy, a family history of seizure, or those using tricyclic anti-depressants, neuroleptic agents and other drugs that lower seizure threshold. The developing nervous system in utero and in neonates and young children, may also be considered more sensitive." (p.66)
NRPB: "Review of the Scientific Evidence for Limiting Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields, 0-300 GHz" (NRPB/HPA, 2004, 15(3))
- In response to criticisms that this 2004 NRPB report failed to address EHS properly, the HPA commissioned another review in 2005. This was limited to the definition, epidemiology and management of EHS, not its etiology. The review was limited to studies, books and websites between 1966 and 2004 and referenced only 75, with seven from the 1980s but none earlier.
Extraordinarily, this review omitted the 2,000+ studies from Poland, the USA and the USSR up to the 1970s which had established EHS as a real physiological condition. Such a limited review was particularly extraordinary given that the UK government had used specific symptoms from microwave radiation during the troubles in Northern Ireland and was developing them for military use.
The fundamental failure in Irvine 2005 to understand an environmental multi-systemic condition which the NRPB report of 2004 correctly stated involved the central, autonomic and enteric nervous systems was shown in comments like the need to "ensure homogeneous subject groups" (p.30) for future studies, when the nature of the condition is essentially individual with varying degrees and types of sensitivity (NRPPB, 2004).
Although there is now "a robust understanding of the aetiology of EHS" (p.30), as shown in e.g. Belyaev I et al, 2016, Belpomme D et al., 2015, PHE, successor to HPA, does not yet seem to have realised the urgency to provide the necessary advice for the "prevention and management" (p.30) of EHS.
Irvine N: "Definition, Epidemiology and Management of Electrical Sensitivity" (Health Protection Agency, HPA-RPD-010, 2005)
UK: IET report (2012)
Criticism of the Institution of Engineering and Technology's report of 2012:
UK: Cancer Research UK (CRUK)'s misleading information
Cancer Research UK (CRUK) has failed to provide robust and accurate information about the established dangers of radio frequency radiation.
On their webpage "Do mobile phones cause cancer?" updated October 5 2018 they made the following misleading claims:
- "In 2012 an independent report concluded that there is no convincing evidence that being exposed to radiofrequency fields, including those from mobile phones, masts and base stations within the guidelines could affect somebody's health."
This is a reference to the discredited AGNIR 2012 RF Report which was not peer-reviewed but has been shown in a detailed peer-reviewed critique (S. Starkey, 2016) to be 'inaccurate' and 'unsafe'.
- "The UK follows a set of international safety standards, which restrict the amount of electromagnetic radiation people can be exposed to."
This fails to explain that these obsolete ICNIRP standards which the UK still follows are to protect against heating only, averaged over 6 or 30 minutes, and not to protect from the established health effects of radio frequency radiation, like cancer, reduced fertility, cardiovascular and neurological effects, which are known to be caused by long-term exposures.
The relevant safety standards which countries and the ICNIRP should adopt for people in work, schools or at home are biological standards, such as EUROPAEM EMF Guideline 2016 or IGNIR.
- "There still aren't any good explanations for how mobile phones could cause cancer."
Some key mechanisms have been robustly established since the 1970s, such as calcium flux, VGCCs and membrane effects.
Bawin SM et al.: “Sensitivity of calcium binding in cerebral tissue to weak environmental electric fields oscillating at low frequency” (Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A., 1976)
Pall ML: “Electromagnetic fields act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects” (J Cell Mol Med., 2013)
- "Research so far shows that it is unlikely mobile phones could increase the risk of brain tumours or other types of cancer."
In contrast, there is much robust science confirming that radio frequency radiation can and does cause cancer. For instance, in 1980-82 a $4.5 million USAF study at 0.15-0.4 W/kg for 2.45 GHz (as used by cellphones) confirmed cancer (OR=4.27 primary malignancies). A 2018 NIHS NTP $30 million study found "clear evidence", the highest rating possible, that radio frequency radiation including cellphone radiation does indeed cause cancer at non-thermal levels, far below the ICNIRP's short-term heating standards.
UK: ASA's censorship of information posters
In England the Advertizing Standards Authority (ASA) censored an information poster displayed in May 2017 by the non-profit Electrosensitivity UK (ES-UK). The poster stated, accurately according to the established majority science, that "More and more research is starting to show potential health risks" from man-made electromagnetic energy. The ASA did not produce a single "robust" peer-reviewed study to disprove the statement, but still censored it. The ASA claimed that they thought that the IARC's 2B classification as a "possible" human carcinogen did not mean that there was a "potential risk".
UK: NHS misleading information
The NHS website, under the heading "Overview-Mobile phone safety" (reviewed 0/04/2016) makes misleading claims.
- "Concerns have been expressed that prolonged or frequent exposure to radio waves might increase a person's risk of health problems such as cancer. However, most current research suggests it's unlikely that radio waves from mobile phones or base stations increase the risk of any health problems."
The majority scientific viewpoint of experts in this field now accept that radio frequency radiation at non-thermal levels below the ICNIRP short-term heating guidelines causes cancer. The NTP 2018 study found "clear evidence", its highest classification, for RF radiation at non-thermal levels causing cancer.
The website bases its misleading claims on the discredited AGNIR 2012 RF Report which was not peer-reviewed but has been shown in a detailed peer-reviewed critique (S. Starkey, 2016) to be 'inaccurate' and 'unsafe'.
On the NHS page "Risks-Mobile phone safety" (reviewed 0/04/2016) there is the following instruction:
- "Schools should regularly monitor the emissions of base stations situated inside or close to school grounds."
This is inconsistent with the misleading claim further up the page that:
"Research suggests it's unlikely that mobile phones or base stations increase the risk of health problems."
On the NHS page "FAQs-Mobile phone safety" (reviewed 0/04/2016) there is the following misleading statement:
- "In May 2010 the results [of the INTERPHONE study] were released and indicated there was no increased risk of such tumours with mobile phone use."
In fact, there was an increased risk of cancers for long-term users. The following year, in 2011, the WHO's IARC classified radio frequency radiation as from cellphones as a 2B possible human carcinogen.
USA: FCC, ICES, IEEE, CDC and NCRP
Criticism of the obsolete thermal limits still used by the US FCC, ICES and IEEE and of apparent Conflicts of Interest:
- Alster, Norm: “Captured Agency: How the Federal Communications Commission Is Dominated by the Industries It Presumably Regulates” (Edmund J. Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University, 2015, 59 pages)
- Anon: “Health Policy Groups Question FCC’s Allowing Manufacturer Violation of Its Cell Phone Microwave Radiation Exposure Limit: Majority of cell phones on market may exceed FCC’s stated RF safety limit of 1.6 W/kg, experts warn” (Business Wire, January 10 2017)
- Conrad, Richard: "For Legislators on Wireless Smart Meters" (review of evidence, May 12th 2014)
- Dart, Paul, et al: "Biological and Health Effects of Microwave Radio Frequency Transmissions: A Review of the Research Literature" (2013)
- International Association of Fire Fighters: "Position on the Health Effects from Radio Frequency and Microwave Radiation" (2005)
- Leszczynski, Dariusz: "Telecom in USA: A “YUGE” Conflict of Interest Problem" (2016)
- Maisch, Donald: "The Procrustean Approach: setting exposure standards for telecommunications frequency electromagnetic radiation" (chapter 3-4, University of Wollongong, 2009)
- Malik, Ajay: "Why the FCC's safety guidelines for Wi-Fi need to be re-evaluated" (Network World, November 12 2015)
- Modus, Kevin: "FCC Disability Advisory on Wireless Health Effects: Disability/Cancer and Brain Damage" (December 12 2016, 9 min.)
- Sage Associates: "Assessment of Radiofrequency Microwave Radiation Emissions from Smart Meters" (2011)
Testimony to the FCC on disabling health effects of wireless radiation at levels above biological safety limits, as still used by the FCC, ICNIRP etc.:
FFC failure to follow majority science on wireless harm
FCC Broadband Development Advisory Committee mainly from wireless industry
FFC failure to answer requests
- "On August 15 2017, Senator Richard Blumenthal and Congresswomen Eshoo wrote to Pai requesting updates to rules and protections for workers who may be at risk from radiofrequency radiation. This letter followed similar requests to the FCC in 2015 and 2013, though Pai cannot be blamed in those circumstances"
Jamie Davies: "US Congress asks Pai why he keeps ignoring its letters" (Telecoms.com, May 24 2018)
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), NCRP
In 2014, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) posted “We recommend caution in cellphone use,” on their website
Within weeks of posting their cell phone caution online, the passage was removed, along with a section that addressed potential risks of cell phone use for children. More than 500 pages of internal records suggest controversy at the agency over how to address cell phone risks, including disagreements about such risks among its scientists.
U.S. DHHS, NIH, NTP
- "Just as long term research into the health impacts of the 'electrosmog' created by wifi and mobile phones is yielding its first results, it's at risk of sudden termination from President Trump's budget cuts. But the cuts have little to do with saving money - and a lot to do with protecting corporate profit and economic growth from harsh truths, including evidence that electrosmog causes cancer in laboratory rats, and maybe humans too.
The Department for Health and Human Services (DHHS) funds the USA's leading public health institutes. As part of Trump's attempt to nullify environmental opposition in the USA, a long-standing objective of the political-right, the DHHS' budget is being cut by 18%, or about $15.1 billion. That will have wide-ranging effects on its dependent research agencies. The National Toxicology Programme, maintained by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) is one such example. At present cuts to the NIH, which has seen increases in its funding over recent years, are believed to be around 20% of its budget, roughly $5.8 billion."
(Paul Mobbs: "Cellphones, wifi and cancer: Will Trump's budget cuts zap vital ‘electrosmog' research?" Ecologist, March 27 2017)
California Department of Public Health: 2008-2017
Sacramento County Superior Court Judge Shelleyanne Chang ordered the state of California in March 2017 to turn over the final version of the "Cell Phones and Health" guidelines from 2014. In May 2017 the judge forced California health officials to turn over all the previous versions of the guidelines it had kept secret. Joel Moskowitz, a public health researcher at UC Berkeley who sued the state to force the release of the records, said state officials should never have withheld the warnings from the public. “It would have to be purely political to deny distributing this,” Moskowitz said. “Science supports this.”
- "Newly released public records show that California public health officials worked for five years on a set of guidelines to warn the public about the potential dangers of cell phones, revising their work 27 times with updated research before abandoning the efforts without ever making their concerns public until ordered by a judge. The 27 versions of the guidelines, obtained by The Chronicle, show that California health officials deleted a section that warned state employees with work-issued cell phones about the potential increased risk for brain cancer from use of the devices over time. The final version of the guidelines was a broad warning to the public about exposure to electromagnetic fields emitted by cell phones. It included a list of best practices to minimize exposure."
Melody Gutierrez: "New records show how state reworked secret cell phone warnings" (San Francisco Chronicle, May 19 2017)
California Department of Public Health: "Cell Phones and Health" (Division of Environmental and Occupational Disease Control, April 2014)
"Cell Phone Safety Guidance from the California Public Health Department" (Electromagnetic Radiation Safety, May 19 2017)
In December 2017, after 9 years, California Department of Public Health issued an Advisory warning of the dangers of cellphone radiation. This was done under a Court Order. The California Department of Public Health's "Cell Phone Warning", cautioning children and pregnant women, was the same as one issued a decade previously by a top cancer center, the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, in 2007.
FCC (Federal Communications Commission)
- The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) admitted in 2013 that it is not a health and safety organization. It therefore depends on others to establish biological safety limits:
"Since the Commission is not a health and safety agency, we defer to other organizations and agencies with respect to interpreting the biological research necessary to determine what levels are safe. As such, the Commission invites health and safety agencies and the public to comment on the propriety of our general present limits and whether additional precautions may be appropriate in some cases, for example with respect to children." (FCC 13-39: Section 6)
- The FCC admits it depends on international organizations like ICNIRP to establish safety limits and that these limits are for heating and not for other biological effects of RF energy:
"These more recent international exposure standards activities [i.e. ICNIRP, 1998 heating standards] have a fundamentally similar basis in protecting against established adverse health effects due to tissue heating." (FCC 13-39: Section 13)
- The FCC admits that international organizations like the WHO's IARC have classified both RF and ELF energy as possible carcinogenic to humans:
"Also we have observed ongoing international health-related activity in this area, with ... the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifying both RF and ELF fields as possibly carcinogenic to humans." (FCC 13-39: Section 13)
Federal Communications Commission: "First Report and Order Further Notice of Proposed Rule Making and Notice of Enquiry" (FCC 13-39, March 27 2013)
- The FCC admits that there is some scientific evidence for non-thermal effects, but the FCC claims that it has not been "proved" that electromagnetic radiation "causes" cancer and neurological effects like headaches, dizziness and memory loss:
"There is no scientific evidence to date that proves that wireless phone usage can lead to cancer or a variety of other health effects, including headaches, dizziness or memory loss."
"The FDA, which has primary jurisdiction for investigating mobile phone safety, has stated that it cannot rule out the possibility of risk, but if such a risk exists, "it is probably small." "
"A number of reports have appeared in the scientific literature describing the observation of a range of biological effects resulting from exposure to low levels of RF energy. However, in most cases, further experimental research has been unable to reproduce these effects."
"While some experimental data have suggested a possible link between exposure and tumor formation in animals exposed under certain specific conditions, the results have not been independently replicated. "
Federal Communications Commission: "Frequently asked questions about the safety of radiofrequency (RF) and microwave emissions from transmitters and facilities regulated by the FCC" (RF Safety FAQ, updated November 25 2015)
- The FCC admits that the Telecommunications Act of 1996, Section 704, appears to deny States and local planners the authority to determine non-thermal limits to ensure the health of all people, including the sensitive people, like children, the elderly, the ill, pregnant women and people with EHS, recognized by international standards, such as Bioinitiative and EUROPAEM EMF Guidelines 2016, within their jurisdiction:
"In the United States, some local and state jurisdictions have also enacted rules and regulations pertaining to human exposure to RF energy. However, the Telecommunications Act of 1996 contained provisions relating to federal jurisdiction to regulate human exposure to RF emissions from certain transmitting devices. In particular, Section 704 of the Act states that, "No State or local government or instrumentality thereof may regulate the placement, construction, and modification of personal wireless service facilities on the basis of the environmental effects of radio frequency emissions to the extent that such facilities comply with the Commission's regulations concerning such emissions."
Federal Communications Commission: "Frequently asked questions about the safety of radiofrequency (RF) and microwave emissions from transmitters and facilities regulated by the FCC" (RF Safety FAQ, updated November 25 2015
- In 1946 the FCC assigned the unrestricted 2.45 GHz waveband, now used for wifi and numerous other household devices, to medical uses because of its greater effects on water and biological tissue especially in terms of blood flow and metabolic effects.
Guy AW: "History of Biological Effects and Medical Applications of Microwave Energy" (IEEE MTT, 1984; rev. 2015)
- Josh del Sol Beaulieu: "Our Wireless Tech Is Unsafe, and These 5 US Government Agencies Have Tried to Warn Us" (September 24 2018):
- “The FCC’s current [radio frequency/microwave] exposure guidelines, as well as those of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection, are thermally based, and do not apply to chronic, non-thermal exposure situations." (Letter)
(Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Norbert Hankin, of the EPA’s Office of Air and Radiation, Center for Science and Risk Assessment, Radiation Protection Division, July 6 2002)
- “FCC rules do not address the issue of long-term, chronic exposure to RF fields.”
(Comments of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to the FCC, November 10 1993)
- The FCC’s standard is inadequate because it “is based on only one dominant mechanism — adverse health effects caused by body heating.”
(Comments of National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to the FCC, January 11 1994)
- “The FCC’s standard does not protect against non-thermal effects.”
(Comments of the Amateur Radio Relay League (ARRL) Bio-Effects Committee to the FCC, January 7 1994)
- “The electromagnetic radiation standards used by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) continue to be based on thermal heating, a criterion now nearly 30 years out of date and inapplicable today.” (Submission)
(Willie R Taylor, Director, Office of Environmental Policy and Compliance, The U.S. Department of Interior, February 7 2014)
FDA (Food and Drug Administration)
- The FDA follows pro-wireless cliques, like the ICNIRP and the IEEE, which still claim that the only adverse effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic energy are the result of heating, thus discounting the thousands of studies establishing non-thermal effects since the 1970s.
"According to current data, the FDA believes that the weight of scientific evidence does not show an association between exposure to radiofrequency from cell phones and adverse health outcomes. Still, there is consensus that additional research is warranted to address gaps in knowledge, such as the effects of cell phone use over the long-term and on pediatric populations."
"Current Research Results" (FDA: Radiation-Emitting Products, updated 12/04/2017)
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
- The EPA claims, like the pro-wireless cliques such as the FCC, FDA, ICNIRP and IEEE, that the only known adverse effect of electromagnetic exposure is heating, ignoring the thousands of studies establishing adverse effects at non-thermal levels.
Under "Who is Protecting You", the EPA lists the FCC and the FDA.
"RF can be dangerous at very high levels because it creates heat, and has the ability to heat tissue rapidly."
"To date, the scientific evidence linking long-term use of cell phones to cancer or other health effects is not conclusive. More research is needed to clarify the question of safety."
"Wireless Technology" (EPA, National Service Center for Environmental Publications)
Massachusetts: leadership role in protecting the public
- "Massachusetts is taking a leadership role in protecting the public. Ashland Public Schools has become the first in the nation to take measures while awaiting further instruction from state leaders. Ashland has posted signs in each classroom advising wireless devices be turned off when not in use, wireless access points be turned on only when needed, and as the manufacturers’ fine print indicates, never keep an active device on one’s body.
On Beacon Hill, five legislators have introduced bills to address wireless radiation and public health. The first two bills are scheduled for public hearing on Tuesday, June 20, 1-4 p.m. Senator Michael O. Moore’s S.1864 will give residents the right to choose a non-radiation-emitting public utility meter (gas, electric, water, solar, etc.). Senator Julian Cyr’s S.108 addresses safe use of hand-held devices by children.
In the fall, additional bills by Senator Karen Spilka, Senator Cyr, Senator Donald Humason and Representative Carolyn Dykema will come up for public hearing to educate our doctors, schools and the general public on wireless radiation risks and safer technology practices.
Until these bills are enacted and/or biologically safe mobile technology is brought to market, there are simple but important measures we can all choose to reduce our radiation exposure: connect to the internet via hard-wired fiber optics and Ethernet cables, then turn off the wireless emissions at work, home, school and leisure spaces. When on the go, keep devices in airplane mode except when needed as this disables the radiation transmissions, and never give a child a wireless device in active mode.
Other best practices are to create radiation-free white zones, especially in sleeping areas so the radiation doesn’t disrupt our body’s ability to cell repair while we sleep. Distances of a quarter to a half mile (for those with health complications) minimum should be established from cell towers, including the street-level antennas being installed in neighborhoods to support 5G infrastructure.
More than 200 leading scientists and public health experts have submitted an International Appeal to the World Health Organization and United Nations seeking their leadership in bringing public policy in line with current scientific evidence of harm."
Cece Doucette: "Protecting ourselves from two-way microwave radiation" (MetroWest Daily News, June 20 2017)
Colorado proposed ban on smartphone sales for children
"Too much technology too soon can impair brain development, hinder social skills and trigger an unhealthy reliance on the neurotransmitter dopamine, a high similar to what drug and alcohol addicts feel.
In February, he formed the nonprofit PAUS (Parents Against Underage Smartphones) with a few other medical professionals and began drafting a ballot initiative that, if passed, would make Colorado the first state in the nation to establish legal limits on smartphones sales to children.
Farnum’s proposal, ballot initiative no. 29, would make it illegal for cellphone providers to sell smartphones to children under the age of 13. The ban would require retailers to ask customers the age of the primary user of the smartphone and submit monthly adherence reports to the Colorado Department of Revenue."
Katie Mettler: "Smartphones made his kids ‘moody’ and ‘withdrawn.’ Now he wants to ban them for preteens" (Washington Post, June 19 2017)
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers)
- The IEEE formed its Committee on Man and Radiation (COMAR) in 1972 to counter health concerns relating to EM radiation effects. It undertakes public education and produces position papers. Some members were cautious about COMAR because they had financial stakes or employment in the electrical, electronics and wireless industries.
IEEE: to benefit its members and and the electronics industry, not primarily health
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) made recommendations which were part of the 1996 guidelines adopted by the FCC and the ICNIRP.
The IEEE does not conduct research into radio-frequency health effects.
US Government Officials stated 1976 that 10,000 microW/m2 is dangerous
“These beams have resulted in radiation densities within Chancery Offices and some apartments of personnel ranging from 1 to 15 microwatts per square centimeter.”
“Our medical experts are of the considered opinion that prolonged exposure to microwave radiation at the levels measured in the U.S. embassy constitute a potential health hazard.”
US Government: Moscow Embassy Report to Department of State, dated January 31 1976 (originally secret, unclassified 2006) “Moscow Signal – Approach to Gromyko”; Canonical ID: 1976MOSCOW01437_b:
- 1-15 microWatt/cm2 = 10,000-150,000 µW/m2 = 1.9–7.5 V/m.
- Current 1996 FCC heating limits are: 1,000 microW per cm2 = 10,000,000 µW/m2 = 61 V/m.
- Current 1998 ICNIRP heating limits are: 900 microW per cm2 = 9,000,000 µW/m2 = 58 V/m, and 450 microW per cm2 = 4,500,000 µW/m2 = 41 V/m.
- Old USA 1955 heating limits: 10,000 microWatt/cm2 = 100,000,000 µW/m2 = 194 V/m.
- USSR 1958 biological limits: 10 microWatt/cm2 = 100,000 µW/m2 = 6.1 V/m.
Media silence and industry spin
Individual pro-industry scientists
There have been leading scientists in many countries who rejected established evidence for biophysical and non-thermal effects of EMFs and wireless energy. Some have been physicists, unable to accept the complexities of quantum biology if that evidence clashes with what they believe is required by their preferred physics formulae. Good examples are (a) the beliefs in thermal noise dominating biological systems of resonances or coherences, and (b) linear dose-response beliefs discounting evidence for 'windows' of frequency effects.
Phainomena and Endoxa: This is not a new problem. Aristotle, in the fourth century BCE, can be seen as both the founder of evidence-based science and medicine ('phainomena'), and also the founder of the principles of physics ('endoxa'). Nevertheless he was able to hold both approaches together in a balanced methodology. The European medieval bias was towards Aristotle's principles or endoxa. This had to be corrected in the 1600s by a new emphasis on phainomena and a scientific evidence-based methodology by people like Bacon with his "Novum Organum" to replace Aristotle's "Organum", and Galileo. Isaac Newton's approach was mainly mathematical but focused more on astronomy and basic physics than on biophysical and biological systems, causing some physicists to undervalue biophysical evidence.
- "Aristotle, one the greatest minds that ever existed, is indeed the godfather of evidence-based medicine. His teachings of logic and philosophy have been a driving force continuously guiding medicine away from superstition and towards the scientific method. Today, the revival of evidence-based medicine is only a reaffirmation of his early teachings dating from the fourth century BC."(Sallam HN: "Aristotle, godfather of evidence-based medicine" Facts Views Vis Obgyn., 2010)
Some scientists, especially in the US, have been surprisingly dogmatic in rejecting biophysical and biological evidence, especially for non-thermal effects. Herman Schwan in 1953 chose safety limits based on his thermal belief or hypothesis, now long invalidated, that only heating can cause adverse effects. He was followed by a number of others who also put this non-thermal belief above evidence-based science, in a manner reminiscent of some European medieval churchmen. This small clique of like-minded believers in the thermal hypothesis seems to dominate groups like the FCC, ICNIRP and WHO, whereas the vast majority of scientists worldwide now accept non-thermal effects as established both for therapeutic and adverse roles.
Professor Robert Adair
Dr Robert Adair, Sterling Professor of Physics Emeritus at the University of Yale and a member of the National Academy of Sciences, wrote “Health Effects of Low-Intensity Electric and Magnetic Fields (and Scientific Error)” in about 2006 for the website of the American Council on Science and Health. In it, he asserted that public focus on threats to children’s health should not include power-frequency electric and magnetic fields, because, in his words, “many published results of scientific research are wrong.”
- "There are at least 300 papers reporting biological effects of EMFs generated at low frequencies by our power distribution system and at higher frequencies by radio, TV, radar, and communication devices such as cell phones. But there are no such effects. As with many other scientific hypotheses, such as cold fusion and polywater in physics, all of the many positive results showing biological effects of weak EMFs, many published in reputable journals, are wrong.”
("American Health Society Features Adair: Robert Adair offers Opinion on EMF Policy and Scientific Error" The Bioelectromagnetics Society, website January 2018)
- "Adair [Bioelectromagnetics 14:1-4, 1993] writes that "the effects of 60 Hz magnetic fields of 5 microT (50 mG) or less on biological structures holding magnetite (Fe3O4) are shown to be much smaller than those from thermal agitation; hence such interactions cannot be expected to be biologically significant." This conclusion is questioned, because it appears to be based on a model that probably has very limited validity for pertinent biological systems. Furthermore, biologically plausible parameters can be selected to show that even this particular model does not exclude biologically significant effects of 60 Hz magnetic fields below 5 microT."
(Polk C:P "Effects of extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields on biological magnetite"Bioelectromagnetics, 1994)
- "Here we show that nociception in mice is altered by a 30 Hz field with a peak amplitude more than 1000 times weaker than the static component of the geomagnetic field. ... Any purported detection mechanisms being considered will need to explain effects at such weak ELFMF."
(Prato RS et al,: "Magnetoreception in laboratory mice: sensitivity to extremely low-frequency fields exceeds 33 nT at 30 Hz"J R Soc Interface, 2013)
- '“Bob Adair’s calculations are not wrong,” Barnes added. “They just don’t deal with the situations we are dealing with.” He was referring to Robert Adair, a professor emeritus of physics at Yale University, who has long maintained that weak field effects are incompatible with the laws of physics. Barnes was careful to point out that not all experiments would show effects because “biological systems have many feedback and repair mechanisms.”'
("It May Not Be Impossible After All: Weak Magnetic Fields Can Promote Cancer" Microwave News, March 18 2016)
Pro-industry influence: government agencies, journals and the media
The media and regulators are often influenced by pro-industry groups, including government agencies.
This is true of many industries in addition to the Wireless, Cellphone and Power-line Industries, including: Asbestos, Chemicals, Food & Sugar, GM, Glyphosate and Pesticides, and Tobacco,
The pro-wireless private German group called ICNIRP was spun out of a pro-nuclear weapons radiation group and usually adopts pro-wireless viewpoints.
The US pro-wireless IEEE represents parts of the wireless industry.
The WHO's IARC had to remove Anders Ahlbom after his industry links were revealed.
A Canadian panel of the Royal Society of Canada had to remove Daniel Krewski after conflicting interests were revealed.
In the US there have been concerns about industry links by people in the FCC.
In England Sir Richard Doll, the scientist who confirmed the link between smoking and lung cancer, later switched to supporting some industries and was chair of England's NRPB pro-wireless and pro-power-line Advisory Group on Non-Ionising Radiation (AGNIR) from 1990 to 2003 denying serious adverse bioelectromagnetic effects at low levels of exposure.
Asbestos and Chemicals Industries:
- Anon.: "More on Fluoride - Mega Health Fraud / Cover Up?" (Doctors beyond Medicine)
- Christopher Bryson, Theo Colborn: "The Fluoride Deception" (Seven Stories Press, 2006)
- Paul Connett, James Beck, H Spedding Micklem: "The Case Against Fluoride" (Chelsea Green Publishing, 2010)
- Griffiths J, Bryson C: "Fluoride, Teeth, and the Atomic Bomb" (1997)
- Lu Y et al.: "Sodium fluoride causes oxidative stress and apoptosis in the mouse liver" (Aging (Albany NY), 2017)
- Pereira HA et al.: "Fluoride Intensifies Hypercaloric Diet-Induced ER Oxidative Stress and Alters Lipid Metabolism" (PLoS One, 2016)
- Wang HW et al.: "Fluoride-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis are involved in the reducing of oocytes development potential in mice" (Chemosphere, 2017)
- Zhou BH et al.: "Fluoride-induced oxidative stress is involved in the morphological damage and dysfunction of liver in female mice" (Chemosphere, 2015)
Food and Sugar Industries:
GM, Glyphosate and Pesticides Industries:
- Anon.: "The Monsanto Papers: MDL Glyphosate Cancer Case Key Documents & Analysis" (U.S. Right To Know, 2017)
- Anon.: "California Becomes First State to Declare Glyphosate Causes Cancer" (ECO Watch, March 30 2017)
- Anon: "Emails reveal role of Monsanto in Seralini study retraction" (GMO Seralini, July 21 2016)
- Anon.: "An Detailed Evaluation of Glyphosate Use and the Risk of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in the North American Pooled Project (NAPP)" (Occupational Cancer Research Centre, June 3 2015)
- Anon.: "RoundUp (glyphosate) Causes Cancer, says World Health Organization" (Natural Health News)
- Engdahl, FW: "Victory in Paris vs Monsanto GMO Cabal" (New Eastern Outlook, January 3 2016)
- Carey Gillam: "Upcoming EPA Meetings on Safety of Monsanto Weed Killer Drawing Scrutiny" (The Huffington Post Australia, September 29 2016)
- Carey Gillam: "Monsanto Spin Doctors Target Cancer Scientist In Flawed Reuters Story" (HuffPost, June 16 2017)
- Hakin, Danny: "Monsanto Weed Killer Roundup Faces New Doubts on Safety in Unsealed Documents" (New York Times, March 14 2017)
- Portier CJ et al: "Differences in the carcinogenic evaluation of glyphosate between the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA)" (J Epidemiol Community Health, 2016)
Radiation Industry and WHO's subordination to IAEA:
- Michel Chossudovsky: "Fukushima: A Nuclear War without a War: The Unspoken Crisis of Worldwide Nuclear Radiation" (Global Research, July 15 2017)
- Linda Pentz Gunter: "No bliss in this ignorance: the great Fukushima nuclear cover-up" (The Ecologist, February 20 2016)
- David Gutierrez: "Massive Fukushima radiation cover-up as government-funded scientists now claim radiation won't hurt you" (Natural News, December 17 2015)
- Robert Hunziker: "Hidden Radiation Secrets of the World Health Organization" (Counter Punch, May 2 2017)
- IAEA and WHO (resolution WHA12.40): "Agreement between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the World Health Organization" (Approved by the Twelfth World Health Assembly on 28 May 1959, p.62-65):
"it is recognized by the World Health Organization that the International Atomic Energy Agency has the primary responsibility for encouraging, assisting and co-ordinating research on, and development and practical application of, atomic energy for peaceful uses throughout the world" (page 62)
- Independent WHO: "The Agreement WHA 12-40 between WHO and IAEA"
- Katz AR: "Health consequences of Chernobyl: the New York Academy of Sciences publishes an antidote to the nuclear establishment's pseudo-science" (Int J Health Serv., 2010)
- Katz AR: "Who Is Afraid of Volume 1181 of the New York Academy of Sciences? Under Threat, the Nuclear Establishment Plays Dirty" (Int J Health Serv., 2015)
- Joan Klonner: "Danger! Radioactive Waste" (1977, 49 min.)
- Manfred Ladwig, Thomas Reutter: "Nuclear Waste Disposal Documentary" (2013, 52 min.)
- Dr J Mercola: "The Rarely Discussed Reality of Radioactive Pollution" (Mercola, October 7 2017)
- Fred Pearce: "Exposed: Soviet cover-up of nuclear fallout worse than Chernobyl" (New Scientist, March 20 2017)
- Sherman JD: "Debate on the Chernobyl disaster: response to Dr. Sergei V. Jargin" (Int J Health Serv., 2012)
- Mary Wilder: "TEPCO admits to massive Fukushima radiation cover-up… independent media was right all along" (Fukushima Watch, June 28 2016)
- Anon.: "Should Any Vaccines Be Required for Children?" (ProCon.org)
- Kelly Brogan: "CDC: You’re Fired. Autism Coverup Exposed" (Kelly Brogan MD, August 26 2014)
- DeLong G: "Conflicts of interest in vaccine safety research" (2012)
- Donahue JG et al.: "Association of spontaneous abortion with receipt of inactivated influenza vaccine containing H1N1pdm09 in 2010-11 and 2011-12" (Vaccine, 2017)
- Claire Dwoskin: "Link Between Vaccines and African-American Boys Hidden by CDC Says Whistleblower" (The Driven Researcher, May 9 2016)
- Handley JB Jr: "Flu vaccine-miscarriage study sparks ridiculous spin" (signs of the times, September 14 2017)
- Kent Heckenlively, Judy Mikovits: "Plague: One Scientist’s Intrepid Search for the Truth about Human Retroviruses and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS), Autism, and Other Diseases" (Skyhorse Publishing, 2014)
- Higgins JP et al.: "Association of BCG, DTP, and measles containing vaccines with childhood mortality: systematic review" (BMJ, 2016)
- Dina Fine Maron: "Fact or Fiction?: Vaccines Are Dangerous" (Scientific American, March 6 2015)
- Kandasamy R et al.: "Non-specific immunological effects of selected routine childhood immunisations: systematic review" (BMJ, 2016)
- National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
- The Immunisation Advisory Centre: "Vaxxed: From Cover-up to Catastrophe (2016) Information for parents" (April 2017)
- "Vaxxed: From Cover-Up to Catastrophe" (Documentary, 2016, 91m)
- Lindzi Wessel: "Four vaccine myths and where they came from" (Science Magazine, April 27 2017)
Wireless, Cellphone and Power-line Industries:
- Alster, Norm: “Captured Agency: How the Federal Communications Commission Is Dominated by the Industries It Presumably Regulates” (Edmund J. Safra Center for Ethics, Harvard University, 2015)
- ES-UK Newsletter: "Sir Richard Doll and AGNIR" (vol. 11(2), July 2013, p.21-23)
- Gennaro V et al: "Business bias: how epidemiologic studies may underestimate or fail to detect increased risks of cancer and other diseases" (Int J Occup Environ Health, 2005)
- Havas, Magda: "Subversion of Science: Royal Society of Canada Panel with Conflict of Interest to review Safety Code 6!" (June 13 2013)
- Huss A et al.: "Source of funding and results of studies of health effects of mobile phone use: systematic review of experimental studies" (Environ Health Perspect., 2007)
- Levis AG et al: "Mobile phones and head tumours. The discrepancies in cause-effect relationships in the epidemiological studies - how do they arise?" (Environ Health, 2011)
- Slesin, Louis: "IARC Drops Anders Ahlbom from RF–Cancer Panel" (Microwave News, May 22 2011)
- Slesin, Louis: "“Radiation Research” and The Cult of Negative Results" (A Microwave News Investigation into 'Radiation Research' and John Moulder, July 31 2006)
- Maisch, Don: "The Procrustean Approach: Setting Exposure Standards for Telecommunications Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation: An examination of the manipulation of telecommunications standards by political, military, and industrial vested interests at the expense of public health protection" (University of Wollongong, PhD, 2010, 302 pages)
- Morgan LL: "Estimating the risk of brain tumors from cellphone use: Published case-control studies" (Pathophysiology, 2009)
- RF Safe Corporation: "Motorola War-Games Scientists Indicating Health Risk from Cell Phone Radiation" (about Jerry Phillips in 1998)
- Septiemefactory: "Microwaves, Science and Lies" (2014, 91 min., trailer 2 min)
- Septième Factory : "Microwaves, Science and Lies" (93 minutes, 2014)
- Slesin, Louis: "IARC Drops Anders Ahlbom from RF–Cancer Panel" (Microwave News, May 22 2011)
- Slesin, Louis: "“Radiation Research” and The Cult of Negative Results" (A Microwave News Investigation into 'Radiation Research' and John Moulder, July 31 2006)
- Swedish Radiation Protection Foundation: "Bias in the assessment of Electromagnetic Fields (EMF): Over 40 NGOs lodge a complaint to the European Ombudsman" (March 11 2015)
- Webster, Paul: "Federal Wi-Fi panel criticised for undisclosed conflict" (CMAJ, 2013)
- Wyatt, Edward: "Telecom Investor Named to Be F.C.C. Chairman" (NY Times, May 1 2013)
Wikipedia and pro-industry editors
One of the clearest examples of the systematic influence of the clique of pro-industry activists appears to be Wikipedia. It has been alleged that some editors are paid or expected to alter articles and entries in favor of the industry for which they work.
The Wikipedia entry on Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity used to have some balance between real physical EHS and psychological Electrophobia, with which it has sometimes been confused. Since 2016, however, it has been rewritten in a blatantly anti-scientific way, ignoring the established evidence since 1932 and instead pretending that all cases of real EHS are actually Electrophobia, without supplying convincing proof.
In fact it is not just conditions like EHS which have been misrepresented in Wikipedia. Much of natural medicine, organic farming and 'green' attempts to preserve life on planet Earth have also been unfairly condemned (see e.g. alternative medicine, dental amalgam controversy, Glyphosate, genetically modified crops, homeopathy, naturopathy, water fluoridation).
See also: Science - corruption by industry Federal Communications Commission: "Frequently asked questions about the safety of radiofrequency (RF) and microwave emissions from transmitters and facilities regulated by the FCC" (RF Safety FAQ, updated November 25 2015)"Acute effects: There are a number of well established acute effects of exposure to low-frequency EMFs on the nervous system: the direct stimulation of nerve and muscle tissue and the induction of retinal phosphenes. There is also indirect scientific evidence that brain functions such as visual processing and motor co-ordination can be transiently affected by induced electric fields. The Note does not address the issue that even if the ICNIRP wished to reject the NTP and Ramazzine evidence,