60 GHz Health Risks

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60 GHz Health Risks

The 60 GHz frequency band is available without restrictions to wireless providers.

Its commercial advantage is also one of its health risks. The frequency of 60 GHz was specifically chosen because it is absorbed by oxygen molecules. This attenuates or weakens the signal significantly within a short distance since the air contains oxygen molecules. As a result the wireless waves are attenuated within a comparatively short distance, leaving more room for other uses of the same frequency. Rain attenuates the signal even more.

However the absorption of radio radiation by oxygen molecules gives rise to significant health risks. A particular concern is how it alters the permeability of cell membranes. 60 GHz can also cause differential gene expression.

Any radio frequency can cause blood to coagulate, as in the rouleau effect. This causes hypoxia, limiting the oxygen in the blood and oxygen transport around the body. Hypoxia makes someone susceptible to viruses by affecting hemoglobin oxygen transfer.

60 GHz

Power Density (µW/m2)

100,000 µW/m2 = 0.1 W/m2

DistanceBackground Natural
Safe Level
Bioinitiative Safety Guidelines, Long-Term, Non-thermalAverage MeasurementPer Centage
of Bioinitiative Guidelines
Short-time, Heating Only
Per Centage
1.50.0000013118,8003,900,000 %10,000,0001.2 %
50.00000132,60087,000 %10,000,0000.026 %

Based on: Ofcom: “Electromagnetic Field (EMF) measurements near fixed wireless equipment operating in the 60 GHz band in Liverpool” (Technical Report, February 21 2020)

Health Risks:

See also: 5G Health Harm