Surveys of impairments, symptoms and objective markers
Research into Electrosensitivity and Specific Electrosensitivity Symptoms and Impairments
Research into Electrosensitivity and its specific symptoms has been carried out in the USSR, Poland and other eastern countries since the 1930s.
Research into Electrosensitivity and its specific symptoms has been carried out in the USA since Project Pandora launched under DARPA in the 1960s, following the discovery of microwave frequencies at the US Moscow embassy.
Further US Army research into electrosensitivity took place in the 1990s in a mainly unsuccessful attempt to find ameliorating devices after troops suffered electrosensitivity symptoms during the Gulf Wars.
In 2017 DARPA began RadioBio to study the mechanism of electrosensitivity in and between cells.
In 2020 DARPA began the ICEMAN project to quantify and analyse the electrosensitivity symptoms among aircrew in a cockpit amid numerous RF and MF devices.
Specific Symptoms grouped by power flux density:
(Source: "German Doctors unite on RF health effects" (Powerwatch, July 22 2005)
Top Left: <10 µW/m2 = 0.06 V/m average typical of: Wifi router in next apartment or condo
Top Right: <100 µW/m2 = 0.2 V/m average typical of: Wifi router in your own home
Bottom Left: <1000 µW/m2 = 0.6 V/m average typical of: within 500 yards/meters of cellphone tower
Bottom Right: >1000 µW/m2 = >0.6 V/m average typical of: downtown street, shopping mall
The symptom groups are defined as follows:
(for 356 people under long-term exposure at home, in Oberfranken, Germany, 2005)
Group 1: No symptoms
Group 2: Sleep disturbance, tiredness, depressive mood
Group 3: Headaches, restlessness, dazed state, irritability, disturbance of concentration, forgetfulness, learning difficulties, difficulty finding words
Group 4: Frequent infections, sinusitis, lymph node swellings, joint and limb pains, nerve and soft tissue pains, numbness or tingling, allergies
Group 5: Tinnitus, hearing loss, sudden hearing loss, giddiness, impaired balance, visual disturbances, eye inflammation, dry eyes
Group 6: Tachycardia, episodic hypertension, collapse
Group 7: Other symptoms (Hormonal disturbances, thyroid disease, night sweats, frequent urge to urinate, weight increase, nausea, loss of appetite, nose bleeds, skin complaints, tumours, diabetes)
List of specific symptoms (1978):
Dwyer & Leeper: "A Current Literature Report on the Carcinogenic Properties of Ionizing and Nonionizing Radiation,"
DHEW Publication (NIOSH) 78-134; (1978).
Disturbed sleep at night
Sleepiness in daytime
Feelings of fear
Pulling sensation in the scalp and brow
Loss of hair
Pain in muscles and heart region
Increased perspiration of extremities Difficulty with sex life
Disruption of the endocrine-humoral process
Intensification of the activity of thyroid gland
Exhausting influences on the central nervous system
Decrease in sensitivity to smell
Increase in histamine content of the blood
Changes in specific symptoms after >6 years of exposure among 73 persons
(Dwyer et al.,1978):
% <6 years - % >6 years -
Headache 21 33 57
Disturbance of sleep 14 23 64
Fatigue 12 18 50
General weakness 7 12 71
Disturbance of memory 6 8 33
Lowering of sexual potency 6 8 33
Drop in body weight 3 12 300
Disturbance of balance 6 11 83
Neurological symptoms 0 15 x 15
Changes in ECG 18 29 61
“How do radio frequency radiation and electromagnetic fields affect human beings?”
Typical Impairments and Specific Symptoms include:
Impairments and Symptoms can be:
Impairments and Symptoms often occur:
Impairments and Symptoms depend on:
Electrosensitivity is a Functional Disability causing Impairments, not an Illness or Disease
Electrosensitivity is often regarded as an Intolerance rather than an illness or disease
Other names for Electrosensitivity and Electromagnetic Hyper-sensitivity
Electromagnetic Intolerance Syndrome (SICEM in French)
Introduction to Electrosensitivity and EHS:
Dr Magda Havas on Electrosensitivity
Professor Olle Johansson on Electrosensitivity
Typical Symptoms and Impairments
Nicola Bijlsma: "Electrical Hypersensitivity" (2012, 13 minutes)
Dr Ashwini Setya: "Feeling Wonky? You Might Be Coming Down With Smartphone Sickness" (The Quint, March 2016)
Alasdair and Jean Philips: "Electrical Hypersensitivity, a Modern Illness" (2007 edition; see also: Powerwatch: "Electrical Hypersensitivity")
"Your doctor and radiation" (Mezenvisie, 2019, 1 min.)
Impairments and Symptoms can be:
Few accurate surveys of the prevalence of ES and EHS in the general population have been conducted.
For conscious symptoms:
- 0.65% are so severely affected that they cannot work or attend school
- 1.2 % are severely affected with conscious symptoms
- 3.6 % are significantly affected consciously
- up to about 40% are affected in smaller ways, such as disturbed sleep within 500 meters of a cellphone tower.
For unconscious affects:
- about 5-10% of the general population can be affected adversely with cancers and neurological diseases depending on duration and intensity of exposure
- about 80% of adults, e.g. those with chronic immune diseases, are adversely affected.